Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814)

Round goby
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Neogobius melanostomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Neogobius: Greek, neos = new + Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي; آب شيرين; لب شور نزديك كف زي; هردو رو (Ref. 46888); تغييرات عمق 0 - 30 m (Ref. 36771).   Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 60°N - 36°N, 18°E - 58°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Sea of Azov, Black Sea and Caspian basins. Adverse ecological impact after introduction have been reported by several countries. In 2004, this was accidentally introduced in North America with ballast water in ships (Ref. 59043).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 24.6 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 36771); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 6 سال ها (Ref. 110985)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 7 - 8; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 12-17; خارهاي باله مخرجي 1; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 9 - 14; مهره ها: 31 - 34. This species is distinguished from its congeners entering freshwater in Europe by the following characters: first branched ray of second dorsal about as long as penultimate ray; no scales on midline of nape, in front of preoperculum; pelvic-disc fraenum with small rounded lobes and the length is less than 1/6 of width at base; scales in midlateral series 45-54 + 2-3; a large black spot on the posterior part of first dorsal (Ref. 59043).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Prefer shallow, brackish waters but also occur in fresh waters (Ref. 36771); in lagoons and lakes, large rivers, harbors, on sand or rock bottom; mostly found on well vegetated or rock bottom (Ref. 59043). Can tolerate a temperature range of 0 to 30°C, but mainly thrive in warm temperate waters; able to tolerate low oxygen content waters for several days (Ref. 36771). Oviparous, with demersal eggs (Ref. 36771). Longevity up to 4 years. Males reproduce for the first time at 3-4 years, females at 2-3 years. Spawning season in April to September; females may repeat spawning during a season, every 18-20 days; body of males entirely black during this season. Adhesive eggs deposited on stones, shells and aquatic plants; males guard eggs until hatching and usually die after spawning season. Egg clutches are supposed to be occasionally transported attached to the hull of ships, facilitating introduction to other areas. Feeds on a wide variety of invertebrates and small fish, mostly on molluscs (Ref. 59043). Due to its large size, it has a major commercial value in some areas, especially in Azov Sea. It is usually salted, dried and consumed with beer (Ref. 92840).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Males protect embryos and juveniles (Ref. 36771). Males die after the spawning season (Ref. 36771).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Potential pest





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; آكواريوم: تجاري; طعمه: occasionally
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.1 - 16.4, mean 14.2 (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00839 - 0.01087), b=3.09 (3.05 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 69278):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (tm=2-4; tmax=4; Fec=300).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Very high.