Scorpaena plumieri Bloch, 1789

Spotted scorpionfish
Ajouter votre observation dans Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scorpaena plumieri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Envoyez vos Photos et vidéos
Pictures | Videos     Images Google
Image of Scorpaena plumieri (Spotted scorpionfish)
Scorpaena plumieri
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 1 - 60 m, usually 5 - 55 m (Ref. 5288).   Subtropical; 43°N - 30°S, 98°W - 5°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Massachusetts, and northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension and St. Helena.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5288); common length : 30.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3812); poids max. publié: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 5. Occipital pit present; three to four spines on part of preorbital overlapping maxillary; large white spots on dark background on inner basal part of pectoral fin (unclear in specimens smaller than 3 cm SL) (Ref. 13608).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found mostly in shallow coral reef and rocky areas. Lies motionless on the bottom (Ref. 9710). Feeds mostly on other fishes and crustaceans. Moderately common below about 5 m depth to at least 55 m. Displays characteristic bright white spots on dark background of pectoral axil when disturbed (Ref. 49392). Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland (Ref. 57406). Eaten locally and said to taste a bit like chicken. Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous (Ref. 36715).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 July 2014

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

Télécharger en XML

Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.9 - 28, mean 25.6 (based on 770 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00972 - 0.02358), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.