Seriola rivoliana Valenciennes, 1833

Longfin yellowtail
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Seriola rivoliana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Seriola rivoliana (Longfin yellowtail)
Seriola rivoliana
Picture by Allen, G.R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) 鰺科 (Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 5 - 245 m (Ref. 90102), usually 30 - 35 m (Ref. 40849).   亞熱帶的; 43°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Circumglobal. Indo-West Pacific: Kenya south to South Africa (Ref. 3287) and east to Mariana and Wake islands in Micronesia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Kermadec Islands (Ref. 8879). Absent from the Red Sea and French Polynesia. Likely at Seychelles (Ref. 1623). Eastern Pacific: USA to Peru, including Galapagos Islands (Ref. 2850). Western Atlantic: Cape Cod, USA to northern Argentina (Ref. 9626). Distribution in the eastern Atlantic is not well established. Recently recorded from Lampedusa Island in the Mediterranean (Ref. 47878).
Circumglobal。 印度-西太平洋: 肯亞南至南非 (參考文獻 3287) 而且在密克羅尼西亞東至馬里亞納群島與維克島; 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞與科瑪狄克群島;(參考文獻 8879) 紅海與法屬玻里尼西亞沒有出現。 或許在塞錫爾群島.(參考文獻 1623) 東太平洋: 美國到祕魯, 包括加拉巴哥群島.(參考文獻 2850) 西大西洋: 美國科德角到阿根廷北部.(參考文獻 9626) 在東大西洋的分布很好地不被建立。 最近從在地中海中的 Lampedusa 島記錄。 (參考文獻 47878)

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 160 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 90.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5450); 最大體重: 59.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 27-33; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 18 - 22; 脊椎骨: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: upper jaw posterior very broad, extends to level of middle of pupil; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) decreasing slightly in number with growth, 6-9 + 18-20 = 24 -29 in 2-7 cm FL individuals, but 22-26 in fish larger than 20 cm FL; length of dorsal-fin lobe about 1.3 to 1.6 times longer than pectoral fins and 18 to 22% of fork length; caudal peduncle with dorsal and ventral grooves present; first pterygiophore of anal fin straight in specimens larger than about 10 cm fork length. Colour: dorsal brown or silvery blue-green to olivaceous, ventral paler or silvery with brassy or lavender reflections, with yellow midlateral stripe usually present, and an oblique, dark yellowish brown band from nape through eye to edge of upper lip, the nuchal bar often persistent in adults (may be absent); juveniles (2-18 cm fork length) with dark nuchal bar and 6 dark body bars, each with a light narrow irregular area through their centre vertically, that do not extend into the membranes of the second dorsal and anal fins, and a seventh bar at the end of caudal peduncle; fins dark or yellowish grey except pelvic fins, white ventrally (Ref. 9894, 90102).


橄欖色的對藍綠色的上方, 腹面顏色較淡而且偶然地有黃銅色的或淡紫色的反光; 成魚有黑的頸背橫帶; 體側中央有模糊的琥珀色的斑紋; 鰭黑的除了腹鰭那是腹側白色的.(參考文獻 3197)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are benthopelagic in outer reef slopes and offshore banks to 160 m or more. They form small groups (Ref. 9283, 26235, 58302). Young often seen around floating objects (Ref. 4887, 48635). They feed mainly on fishes, but also on invertebrates. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283). May cause ciguatera poisoning, particularly in coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Uncommon on East Indian reefs but occasionally found in cool upwelling areas of Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia (Ref. 90102).

棲息於外礁斜坡與近海淺堆到 160個公尺或更多。 形成小群魚群。 (參考文獻 26235) 成魚是大洋性與底棲的。 (參考文獻 9283) 時常漂浮的目標周圍被見到的幼魚.(參考文獻 4887,48635) 主要吃魚, 也捕食無脊椎動物。 在市場上銷售生鮮地了與鹽醃或乾燥的.(參考文獻 9283) 可能引起熱帶海魚中毒, 特別地在珊瑚礁區域中.(參考文獻 5217)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Circumglobal。 印度-西太平洋: 肯亞南至南非 (參考文獻 3287) 而且在密克羅尼西亞東至馬里亞納群島與維克島; 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞與科瑪狄克群島;(參考文獻 8879) 紅海與法屬玻里尼西亞沒有出現。 或許在塞錫爾群島.(參考文獻 1623) 東太平洋: 美國到祕魯, 包括加拉巴哥群島.(參考文獻 2850) 西大西洋: 美國科德角到阿根廷北部.(參考文獻 9626) 在東大西洋的分布很好地不被建立。 最近從在地中海中的 Lampedusa 島記錄。 (參考文獻 47878)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 5217)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

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年龄/大小
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長度-重量
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.1 - 28.6, mean 27.3 (based on 201 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00759 - 0.04785), b=2.97 (2.75 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增時間超過14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.