Sarotherodon linnellii (Lönnberg, 1903)

Blackfin tilapia
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bottenlevande.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 5°N - 4°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, West Cameroon (Ref. 4999, 52307, 81260).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 81260)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14 - 16; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10-12; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 11; Ryggkotor: 29. Diagnosis: 15-20 rakers on lower limb of first arch; 30-32 scales in lateral line (Ref. 81260). Body dark grey or green (Ref. 2, 81260). Head large, especially in adults (Ref. 2), its length 37-45% of standard length (Ref. 81260). Jaw teeth very small (Ref. 81260). Breeding males green; intense tilapia-mark present in young until about 10 cm SL, absent above 15 cm SL; as the gonads mature the lower parts of the head and the flanks become more metallic and green; most brooding females silver grey in general color; fins mainly of a neutral color; pelvic fins may be yellow (Ref. 2).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occasionally forms schools; is mainly diurnal; juveniles feed on mayfly larvae and various terrestrial insects among a diet in which animal items formed a high proportion (Ref. 2). Adults feed predominantly on phytoplankton (Ref. 2, 52307). Congregates in small groups (under 10 individuals) in open water regions and at a maximum depth of about 5 m (Ref. 52307). Lacks marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active (Ref. 81260). Ovophilic, maternal mouth brooder (Ref. 52307) that forms temporary pair bonds (Ref. 81260) prior to spawning, but none after (Ref. 52307). Ventures to regions near the edges of the lake for spawning, where the male constructs craters in the sand; males infrequently incubate the eggs (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Brooding by both sexes, predominantly by the female.

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: ; Vattenbruk: trolig framtida användning
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.