Pungu maclareni (Trewavas, 1962)

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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pungu: Local vernacular word from Cameroon for a fish endemic in lake Barombi Mbo;  maclareni: Named in reference to P.I.R Maclaren, collector of the male holotype in 1948 (Ref. 53949).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bottenlevande, usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 52307).   Tropical; 28°C - 30°C (Ref. 26185)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, west Cameroon (Ref. 81260).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 26185)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 15 - 17; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10-11; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 9; Ryggkotor: 29. Diagnosis: mouth terminal (Ref. 26185, 53940). Distinctive fleshy lips (Ref. 26185, 52307), from which protrude rows of outwardly directed jaw teeth (Ref. 26185, 53949). Inner jaw teeth usually with 3 subequal cusps, outer row notched in juveniles but with simple replacements in adults (Ref. 26185, 53940). 7-8 lower outer teeth, 12-23 upper outer teeth; blade and dentigerous area of lower pharyngeal bone subequal, with slender teeth, firm and unicuspid posteriorly; colour variable, often silver-yellow (pale or intense) with dusky mottling concentrated on head and, to a lesser extent, midline (Ref. 26185). No Tilapia-spot on dorsal fin (Ref. 26185, 52307, 53940, 53949). Metallic blue highlights on operculum, dorsal and caudal fins (Ref. 26185).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Usually found in smaller groups (Ref. 52307) in shallow waters of lake shore (<4 m deep)(Ref. 26185). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates (mayfly, caddis and chironomid midge larvae) (Ref. 26185) and the endemic sponge Corvospongilla thysi (Ref. 53950, 58527, 81260), but diatoms and terrestrial macrophytes are also sometimes eaten in quantity (Ref. 26185). Maternal (Ref. 52307) mouthbrooder (Ref. 13614, 52307, 58527).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Eggs green (Ref. 26185, 53940, 58527) and ovoid, large (4x3mm) and few in number (Ref. 26185, 53940). Female is mouthbrooding (Ref. 13614), but possibly variable biparental mouthbrooder (variably one of the parents or both incubate eggs)(Ref. 58527).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Teugels, G.G., 1991. Pungu. p. 420. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4998)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)); Date assessed: 01 March 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.