Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Maylandia: In honour of Hans J. Mayland, German ictiologist (Ref. 45335); xanthos: The specific epithet, xanthos, is Greek for yellow, in reference to the yellow belly and dorsal fin of breeding males; it is treated as a noun in apposition (Ref. 86409).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 11°S - 12°S, 34°E - 35°E
Africa: Lake Malawi in Mozambique (Ref. 86409).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86409)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 17 - 18;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: A moderately-sloped head and bicuspid teeth in the outer row of the jaws place this species in Maylandia (Ref. 86409). The brown and blue/gray alternating lateral bars in conjunction with the yellow dorsal and dark anal fin of breeding males distinguish M. xanthos from males of all other members of Maylandia (Ref. 86409). Female M. xanthos are yellow/brown, usually more yellow than females of any other member of the Aurora group, but not all female M. xanthos can be distinguished according to the colour pattern; Maylandia xanthos is further distinguished from M. aurora males from the Mbweca and Tumbi Point populations that are similar but lack dark pigment in the anal fin, and from the neighboring M. glaucos by the lower jaw length, which is longer in M. xanthos, 34.6–36.7% of head length, than in M. aurora, 28.4–33.5% of head length, and in M. glaucos, 28.8–32.8% of head length (Ref. 86409).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ciccotto, P.J., A. Konings and J.R. Stauffer Jr., 2011. Descriptions of five new species in the genus Metriaclima (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Mala?i, Africa. Zootaxa 2738:1-25. (Ref. 86409)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .