Cyphotilapia frontosa (Boulenger, 1906)

Humphead cichlid
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Cyphotilapia frontosa
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cyphotilapia: Greek, kyphos = curved, humpback + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk; pH range: 8.0 - ? ; dH range: 8 - 12.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672); 3°S - 10°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, distributed in the northern half of the lake (Ref. 52029).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5623)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Rock-dwellers, often in aggregation (Ref. 86760). Omnivorous, feed on shellfish (snails and mussels) and fish (Ref. 6770). Food intake of mouth brooding females is for nourishment of both themselves and the young (Ref. 33980). Aquarium keeping: several females for one male; minimum aquarium size >200 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Females incubate eggs in buccal cavity. Early hatching embryos commence feeding on inhaled particles by the female when still in possession of large yolk (Ref. 7471). In one study, larvae of up to 1.66 cm TL are mouthbrooded by a female parent 14.0 SL long (Ref. 86760).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Cyphotilapia. p. 69-70. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5623)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
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Födoslag
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Lek
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Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Fec=50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.