Apistogramma kullanderi Varella, Sabaj & Pérez, 2014

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Apistogramma kullanderi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335);  kullanderi: Named for Sven Oscar Kullander whose four decades of careful and comprehensive work have transformed the taxonomy of Neotropical Cichlidae and continue to inspire all those fascinated with its diversity.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk.   Tropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

South America: upper rio Curuá (Iriri-Xingu drainage) and two of its larger tributaries on Serra do Cachimbo in Brazil.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 98797); 5.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13 - 16; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 6-8; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7 - 8; Ryggkotor: 23 - 24. Apistogramma kullanderi is distinguished from congeners by the different color pattern between mature females and males. Mature females differ from all congeners by the unique combination of intense dark pigmentation continuous along basal portion of dorsal fin and on ventral surfaces from gular region to anal-fin base. Among nominal species of Apistogramma, that pattern is most closely approximated by mature females of A. baenschi, distinguished from A. kullanderi by having dark pigmentation in dorsal fin discontinuous, alternating with pale regions. Mature males of A. kullanderi possess a coarse, irregular pattern of dark spots and vermiculations on cheek and opercular series, and sides with 10-12 dark stripes, each stripe occupying junction between adjacent scale rows and separated by paler region central to each scale. Among nominal species of Apistogramma, a similar pattern is found in mature males of A. rubrolineata and A. tucurui. Mature males of A. kullanderi are distinguished from these species by having enlarged jaws with large, fleshy lips (vs. jaws and lips not enlarged), five (vs. four) dentary pores, and head profile acutely angular with distinct concavity in interorbital region (vs. profile more broadly rounded, lacking concavity in interorbital region). Apistogramma kullanderi is also separated from all congeners by having a maximum size of 7.97 cm SL for a wild-caught adult male (vs. 6.53 cm SL among wild-caught congeners). Other characters useful for the identification of A. kullanderi are the following: body depth 34.2-41.3 % SL; caudal fin broad and evenly rounded; 1-4 rakers first gill arch; most scales in lateral line with distinct tube (vs. simple perforation); and immature individuals with dark midlateral band, lacking midlateral blotch (98797).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Collected from shallow, sluggish backwaters shaded by bank vegetation (Ref. 98797).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Varella, H.R. and M.H. Sabaj Pérez, 2014. A titan among dwarfs: Apistogramma kullanderi, new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(3):243-258. (Ref. 98797)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
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Ekosystem
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synonymer
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Ägg
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00720 - 0.03654), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .