Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Omosudidae
Etymology: Omosudis: Greek, omo = shoulder + Latin, sudis = esox, fish of the Rhine, cited by Plinius 9.15; it also means "stake" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 4000 m (Ref. 38732), usually 100 - 1000 m (Ref. 7344). Deep-water; 40°N - 40°S
Worldwide in tropical and temperate waters. South China Sea and East China Sea (Ref.74511)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4475); common length : 20.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 5755)
Meso- and bathypelagic at 700-1830 m (Ref. 58302). Probably swift swimmers, which can avoid nets, captured singly or in small groups (Ref. 6692). Carnivorous, feed on squids and pelagic fishes (Ref. 6692). Oviparous and are synchronous hermaphrodites (Ref. 84733).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Are synchronous hermaphrodites, gonads consist of clearly defined and well separated ovarian and testicular regions with no indication of sequential maturation of the sex products (Ref. 84733). Also Ref. 103751.
Post, A., 1984. Omosudidae. p. 496-497. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6692)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.8 - 21.3, mean 10.5 (based on 2379 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .