Family Melamphaidae - Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads
  Order
:
Melamphaidae Melamphaidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 67 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
      Miocene
  Remark
:
Distribution: most oceans but not in the Arctic and Mediterranean. Bathypelagic. Dorsal fin with 1-3 weak spines. Pelvic fin insertion thoracic or subthoracic; with 1 spine, 6-8 soft rays. Caudal fin 3-4 procurrent spines. Cycloid scales often large and deciduous. Lateral line absent, or limited to one or two pored scales. Vertebrae 24-31.
  Etymology
:
Greek, melan, melanos = black + greek, amphi = by both sides ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Berycimorphaceae | | | | Beryciformes | Berycoidei | | Melamphaidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Melamphaidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Melamphaes typhlops (Lowe, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Melamphaes microps (Günther, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Scopelus microps Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
Plectromus microps (Günther, 1878)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes lugubris Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal
Plectromus lugubris (Gilbert, 1890)
synonymseniornew
! Melamphaës lugubris Gilbert, 1890
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes cavernosus Chapman, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes microps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Melamphaes acanthomus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes danae Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes eulepis Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes hubbsi Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes indicus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes janae Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes laeviceps Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes leprus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes parvus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes polylepis Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes pumilus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
! Melamphaes pumilis Ebeling, 1962
synonymseniororiginal
! Melanphaes pumilus Ebeling, 1962
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes simus Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes spinifer Ebeling, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes microps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Melamphaes parini Kotlyar, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes suborbitalis (non Gill, 1883)
misappliedmisappliednew
Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes microps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Melamphaes manifestus Kotlyar, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes polylepis (non Ebeling, 1962)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes nikolayi Kotlyar, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes occlusus Kotlyar, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes proximus Kotlyar, 2015
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Melamphaes papavereus Kotlyar, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra capito Goode & Bean, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal
Lophocephalus anthrax Osório, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Melamphaes triceratops Roule & Angel, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal
Poromitra triceratops (Roule & Angel, 1933)
synonymjuniornew
Poromitra crassiceps (Günther, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Scopelus crassiceps Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes crassiceps (Günther, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Melamphaes unicornis (non Gilbert, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Poromitra megalops (Lütken, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes megalops Lütken, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra cristiceps (Gilbert, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes cristiceps Gilbert, 1890
synonymseniororiginal
Plectromus cristiceps (Gilbert, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Poromitra crassiceps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Poromitra frontosa (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra crassiceps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Poromitra nigrofulva (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra macrophthalma (Gilchrist, 1903)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes megalops (non Lütken, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Poromitra megalops (non Lütken, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Poromitra unicornis (Gilbert, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes unicornis Gilbert, 1905
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra crassiceps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Poromitra nigriceps (Zugmayer, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
Poromitrella nigriceps Zugmayer, 1911
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra crassiceps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Melamphaës nigrofulvus (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Poromitra coronata (Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924)
acceptedseniornew
Plectromus coronatus Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra atlantica (Norman, 1929)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra crassiceps (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Poromitra rugosa (Chapman, 1939)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes rugosus Chapman, 1939
synonymseniororiginal
Poromitra oscitans Ebeling, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra crassa Parin & Ebeling, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra gibbsi Parin & Borodulina, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra curilensis Kotlyar, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra decipiens Kotlyar, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra glochidiata Kotlyar, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra kukuevi Kotlyar, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra agafonovae Kotlyar, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal
! Poromitra agofonovae Kotlyar, 2009
ambiguousotheroriginal
Poromitra jucunda Kotlyar, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Poromitra megalops (non Lütken, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Scopelogadus mizolepis (Günther, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Scopelus mizolepis Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal
Melamphaes mizolepis (Günther, 1878)
synonymseniornew
Plectromus mizolepis (Günther, 1878)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Scopelogadus cocles Vaillant, 1888
synonymjuniororiginal
Melamphaes cocles (Vaillant, 1888)
synonymjuniornew
Scopelogadus beanii (Günther, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes beanii Günther, 1887
synonymseniororiginal
Plectromus beanii (Günther, 1887)
synonymseniornew
! Scopelogadus beani (Günther, 1887)
synonymseniornew
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Melamphaes eurylepis Holt & Byrne, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Melamphaes mizolepis (non Günther, 1878)
misappliedmisappliednew
Scopelogadus bispinosus (Gilbert, 1915)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes bispinosus Gilbert, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Scopelogadus unispinis Ebeling & Weed, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Melamphaes robustus Günther, 1887
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Melamphaes nycterinus Gilbert, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal
Scopeloberyx nycterinus (Gilbert, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
Melamphaes maxillaris (non Garman, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Melamphaes malayanus (non Weber, 1913)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Scopeloberyx rubriventer (Koefoed, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Scopeloberyx pequenoi Kotlyar, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Scopeloberyx rossicus Kotlyar, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal
Sio nordenskjoldii (Lönnberg, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Melamphaes nordenskjoeldii Lönnberg, 1905
synonymseniororiginal
! Melamphaes nordenskjöldii Lönnberg, 1905
synonymseniororiginal
! Sio nordenskjoeldii (Lönnberg, 1905)
synonymseniornew
! Sio nordenskjöldii (Lönnberg, 1905)
synonymseniornew
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