Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percophidae
(Duckbills) > Bembropinae
Etymology: Bembrops: Greek, bembras, -ados = a kind of anchovy m+ Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335); caudimacula: Specific name from the Latin 'cauda' meaning tail and 'macula' meaning spot or stain, referring to the dark spot on the caudal fin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 186 - 500 m (Ref. 13203). Deep-water
Indo-West Pacific: Japan and Korea, south to Borneo and northeastern Australia, west to the Andaman Sea and Indian Ocean, and in the Gulf of Aden. Eastern Atlantic: only in the Gulf of Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115021); max. published weight: 94.00 g (Ref. 115021)
soft rays: 16. Anterior portion of first dorsal fin darkish. Usually 6 scale rows between lateral line and origin of anal fin (Ref 12932).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Das, M.K. and J.S. Nelson, 1996. Revision of the percophid genus Bembrops (Actinopterygii: Perciformes). Bull. Mar. Sci. 59(1):9-44. (Ref. 13203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11 - 18.6, mean 13.1 (based on 226 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00180 - 0.00556), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .