Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Callanthiidae
Etymology: Grammatonotus: Greek, gramma, atos = signal, mark + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 120 m (Ref. 559). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Japan. South Pacific: New Caledonia (Ref. 86942).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 11. The genus Grammatonotus surugaensis differs from Callanthias in having 1 spine on the operculum, 13 branched caudal fin rays, and fewer scales in longitudinal series. Several caudal fin rays produced into filaments. Body orange-red; tip of spinous dorsal fin yellow. Attains 8 cm SL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.1 - 27.6, mean 24.2 (based on 44 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00382 - 0.02499), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .