Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Clariidae
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Kwango, Kwilu and southern tributaries of the Kasai (middle Congo River system) in Angola (Ref. 248, 11970).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3820)
soft rays: 62 - 70. Body and fins darkly marbled and with irregular white blotches. Head rectangular dorsally; snout small; eyes dorsally located. Frontal fontanelle intermediate between `sole-shaped' and `knife-shaped'; occipital fontanelle very small. Supraorbital and `dermosphenotic' bones joined in specimens above 57.6 mm SL. Gill rakers relatively long, slender and distantly set. Degree of development of the suprabranchial organ variable, generally greatly reduced. Openings of the secondary sensory canals hardly visible.
Nothing is known about the ecology and reproduction of this species (Ref. 78218).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00362 - 0.01823), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .