Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Rastrelliger: Latin, rastra = rake + Latin, gero = to carry.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 150 - ? m. Tropical; 28°N - 19°S, 79°E - 170°E (Ref. 168)
Indo-West Pacific: India to Fiji, north to Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 750.00 g (Ref. 168)
(total): 8 - 11;
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 31. Head longer than body depth. Maxilla covered by lachrymal bone. Swim bladder present. Interpelvic process small and single. Anal spine rudimentary. Bristles on longest gill raker, 30 to 55 on one side. Gill rakers do not extend far into mouth. A black blotch behind pectoral fin base. The belly is yellowish silver; 2 to 6 large spots are at the base of the first dorsal fin; tow faint stripes are at the level of the lateral line in some specimens.
Epipelagic, neritic species, occurring in waters where surface temperatures do not fall below 17°C. Forms schools of equally sized individuals. Feeds on the largest zooplankton organisms, thus complementing the planktonic food spectrum of the other two Rastrelliger species.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 22.9, mean 18.3 (based on 44 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00420 - 0.01982), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.45).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .