Reproduction of Balistapus undulatus
Document source:
Main Ref. Myers, R.F., 1999
Mode dioecism
Fertilization external
Mating type monogamy:
Spawning frequency
Spawning aggregation Ref.  
Batch spawner Ref.  
Reproductive guild guarders
Parental Care biparental
Description of life cycle and mating behavior Spawning behaviour may involve loose aggregations and nesting occurs in channels. The eggs are laid in a single spongy cluster in a shallow excavation in rubble or sand. Hatching occurs at night (Ref. 37816). Nests are guarded by one or at times two adults (Ref. 9778).
Search for more references on reproduction Scirus
(e.g. 9948)
( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 12.13.01
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 11.02.17
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