Reproduction of Sphaeramia orbicularis
Document source:
Main Ref. Thresher, R.E., 1984
Mode dioecism
Fertilization external
Mating type
Spawning frequency
Spawning aggregation Ref.  
Batch spawner Ref.  
Reproductive guild bearers
external brooders
Parental Care
Description of life cycle and mating behavior Courtship and spawning occur on a semi-lunar cycle, shortly before full and new moons (Ref. 37816). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Are mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Males incubate up to 12,000 eggs for a period of about 8 days (Ref. 37816). After the pelagic larval phase, juveniles settle and grow at a rate of 3 to 6 mm per month (Ref. 37816).
Search for more references on reproduction Scirus
(e.g. 9948)
( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 07.13.01
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 05.23.03
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