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References using Diodon liturosus
Ref No. Description Page
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 672-673
000559  Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino,1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). 366
000592  Wass, R.C.,1984 An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781). 33
001602  Myers, R.F.,1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. 268,144F
002334  Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene,1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. 480
003804  Dalzell, P., S.R. Lindsay and H. Patiale,1991 Fisheries resources survey of the Island of Niue. Tech. Doc. Inshore Fish. Res. Proj. S. Pac. Comm 3. A report prepared in conjunction with the South Pacific Commission Inshore Fisheries Research Project, and the FAO South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project for the Government of Niue, July 1990.
004423  Leis, J.M.,1986 Diodontidae. p. 903-907. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 906
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004907  Edwards, A.J. and A.D. Shepherd,1992 Environmental implications of aquarium-fish collection in the Maldives, with proposals for regulation. Environ. Conserv. 19:61-72.
005193  Shen, S.C. (ed.),1993 Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.
005439  Randall, J.E.,1986 106 new records of fishes from the Marshall Islands. Bull. Mar. Sci. 38(1):170-252. 247;fig.93
005579  Nouguier, J. and D. Refait,1990 Poissons de l'Océan Indien: les Iles Maldives. Réalisations Editoriales Pédagogiques, Paris. 304 p.
005756  Mohsin, A.K.M., M.A. Ambak and M.N.A. Salam,1993 Malay, English, and scientific names of the fishes of Malaysia. Occas. Publ. Fac. Fish. Mar. Sci. Univ. Pertanian Malays. 11:226 p.
006026  Leblic, I. and M.-H. Teulières,1987 Systemes techniques et sociaux d'exploitation traditionnelle des ressources marines des pêcheurs kanaks du nord et du sud de la Calédonie. Rapport pour les Appels d'Offre Appartenance Régionale et Identité Culturelle 1983. Transmission des Savoirs 1984.
006110  Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose,1984 Food habits of teleostean reef fishes in Okinawa Island, southern Japan. University of Tokyo Bulletin, no. 25. v,128p. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, Japan. 128 p.
006113  Anderson, C. and A. Hafiz,1987 Common reef fishes of the Maldives. Part 1. Novelty Press, Republic of Maldives. 83 p. 83
006771  Kailola, P.J.,1991 The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. III. Gobiidae to Molidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. 153 p. 506
007442  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1996 PISCES. The information in FishBase was derived by comparing FishBase with a preliminary version 2.0 of Eschmeyer's PISCES database, published on the Internet in November 1996, URL:gopher://
008631  Kuiter, R.H.,1992 Tropical reef-fishes of the western Pacific Indonesia and adjacent waters. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta. 314 p. 279
009137  Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen,1993 Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p. 492
009680  Leis, J.M.,2001 Diodontidae. Porcupine fishes (burrfishes). p. 3958-3965. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. 15
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 138.11
010685  Randall, J.E. and J. van Egmond,1994 Marine fishes from the Seychelles: 108 new records. Zool. Verh. Leiden 297:43-83. 67
011104  Chang, K.-H., R.-Q. Jan and K.-T. Shao,1983 Community ecology of the marine fishes on Lutao Island, Taiwan. Bull. Inst. Zool. Academia Sinica 22(2):141-155. 146
011303  Randall, J.E. and C. Anderson,1993 Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. (59):1-47. 44
011441  Randall, J.E.,1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. 408;fig.1152
013315  Künzel, T., A. Darar and J.M. Vakily,1996 Composition, biomasses, et possibilités d'exploitation des ressources halieutiques djiboutiennes. Tome 1: Analyse, 63p. Tome 2: Données, 296 p. Raport du projet DEP/GTZ. Direction de l'Elevage et des Pêches, Ministère de l'Agriculture et du Développement Rural, Djibouti, et Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn, F.R. Germany.
026066  Randall, J.E., H. Ida, K. Kato, R.L. Pyle and J.L. Earle,1997 Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. (11):1-74. 66
026067  Smith, A. and P. Dalzell,1991 Fisheries resources and management investigations in Woleai Atoll, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 46 p.
027550  Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak,1996 Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malaysia. 744 p. 629;fig.1022
028618  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
028620  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's underwater photos. Collection of almost 2,000 underwater photos (slides). Unpublished.
028888  Allen, G.R. and P.L. Munday,1994 Kimbe Bay rapid ecological assessment: the coral reefs of Kimbe Bay (West New Britain, Papua New Guinea), Volume 3: Fish diversity of Kimbe Bay. The Nature Conservancy, South Pacific program Office, Auckland, New Zealand. 107 p. 26
030874  Allen, G.R. and R.C. Steene,1988 Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 p. 184
031411  Ganaden, S.R. and F. Lavapie-Gonzales,1999 Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines. 385 p. 68
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
034027  McCormack, G.,2000 Cook Islands biodiversity and natural heritage database. Sent by Gerald McCormack as RTF document in May 2000 for use in FishBase.
035316  Fujita, T., W. Hamaura, A. Takemura and K. Takano,1997 Histological observations of annual reproductive cycle and tidal spawning rhythm in the female porcupine fish Diodon holocanthus. Fish. Sci. 63(5):715-720. 715
036073  Kuo, S.-R. and K.-T. Shao,1999 Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 38(4):391-404. 391-404
036648  Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.),2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. 649
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037631  Zajonz, U., M. Khalaf and F. Krupp,2000 Coastal fish assemblages of the Socotra Archipelago. p.127-170. In Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago: marine habitat, biodiversity and fisheries surveys and management. Progress Report of Phase III. Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt. 151
037816  Myers, R.F.,1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. 291
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040966  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2001 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041464  Allen, G.R.,1998 Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In T. Werner and G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington, D.C. 36
041878  Gell, F.R. and M.W. Whittington,2002 Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:115-121. 116
042831  Harborne, A.R., A.B. Gill, P.S. Raines and J.M. Ridley,1996 Danjugan Island marine reserve. Summary report to the Philippine reef and Rainforest Conservation Foundation.
043497  Shao, K.-T. and L.-S. Chen,1990 Exotic Marine Fishes (II). Encylopedia of Field Guide in Taiwan, vol. 18. 148
043514  Chang, K.-H., S.-C. Lee and K.-T. Shao,1978 A list of forty newly recorded coral fishes in Taiwan. Bull. Inst. Zool., Academia Sinica 17(1):75-78. 76
043515  Shao, K.-T., J.-P. Chen, P.-H. Kao and C.-Y. Wu,1993 Fish fauna and their geographical distribution along the western coast of Taiwan. Acata Zoologica Taiwanica 4(2):113-140. 120
043538  Shao, K.-T., C.-P. Lin, L.-T. Ho and P.-L. Lin,1990 Study on the fish communities from northern and southern waters of Taiwan by analyzing the impingement data. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan 17(2):73-90. 79
045205  U.P. Visayas Foundation,1993 Resource and ecological assessment of Ormoc Bay. Vol.5. The fisheries of Ormoc Bay. Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanology Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. IMFO Tech. Rep. No.15. 86
045419  Dantis, A.L. and P.M. Aliño (comps.),2002 Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. p. 208-226. In Aliño, P.M.,E.F.B.Miclat,C.L.Nañola Jr.,H.A.Roa-Quiaoit and R.T.Campos(eds.) Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs). Goodwill Trading Co.,Inc.(Goodwill Bookstore),Quezon City,Philippines. xvi + 264p. 213
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
047567  Allen, G.R. and M. Adrim,2003 Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72. 65
047691  Acuña, R.E., A.E. Openiano and A.B. Apongan,2001 Finfish resources. In Resource and ecological assessment of Panguil Bay-Terminal Report Vol.3 Resources of Panguil Bay. Mindanao State University at Naawan. 30
047843  Huang, Z.,2001 Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404-463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida, USA. 598 p. 461
047919  University of the Philippines at Los Baños Foundation,1995 Resource and ecological assessment of Ragay Gulf Vol.3 Summary tables and figures. University of the Philippines at Los Baños Foundation, Inc. 81
048011  University of the Philippines at Los Baños Foundation,1996 Resource and ecological assessment of Ragay Gulf Vol.4 Raw data tables. University of the Philippines at Los Baños Foundation, Inc. 233
048451  Chen, J.-P., K.-T. Shao and C.-P. Lin,1995 A checklist of reef fishes from the Tungsha Tao (Pratas Island), South China Sea. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 6(2):13-40. 21
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 536
048637  Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka,2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia. p. 623-893. 855
051015  Garpe, K.C. and M.C. Öhman,2003 Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: fish-habitat interactions. Hydrobiologia 498:191-211. 211
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
053568  Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin,2004 An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216. 216
053797  Randall, J.E., J.T. Williams, D.G. Smith, M. Kulbicki, G.M. Tham, P. Labrosse, M. Kronen, E. Clua and B.S. Mann,2003 Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Res. Bull. Nos. 502.
057683  Pereira, M.A.M.,2000 Preliminary checklist of reef-associated fishes of Mozambique. Maputo, Ministtry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA). 21 pp. 16
057879  Chinese Academy of Fishery Science (CAFS),2007 Database of genetic resources of aquatic organisms in China (as of January 2007). Chinese Academy of Fishery Science.
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058534  Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen,2006 Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi. 77
058652  Broad, G.,2003 Fishes of the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc., pasi City. 510 pp. 372
059110  Luna, C.Z. and L. Mancao,2006 The performance of marine protected areas supported by the FISH Project as measured by project results 3-5: a synthesis of the results of baseline assessment in 2004 and monitoring in 2005. Tetra Tech EM, Inc. Pasig City, Metro Manila, Philippines. 130 p.
075154  Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen,2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p. 1934
079890  Thaman, R.R., T. Fong and A. Balawa,2008 Ilava Ni Navakavu: Finfishes of Vanua Navakavu, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. SPRH-FIO Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report No. 4, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.
084159  Golani, D. and S. V. Bogorodsky,2010 The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135. 56
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086942  Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez,2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463. 449
087596  Rajan, P.T., C.R. Sreeraj and T. Immanuel,2011 Fish fauna of coral reef, mangrove, freshwater, offshore and seagrass beds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Haddo, Port Blair.
087848  May, D.,2005 Folk taxonomy of reef fish and the value of participatory monitoring in Wakatobi National Park, southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 18: 18-35. 27
089972  Bacchet, P., T. Zysman and Y. Lefèvre,2006 Guide des poissons de Tahiti et ses îles. Tahiti (Polynésie Francaise): Éditions Au Vent des Îles. 608 p. 547
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
090102  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. 1099
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
107629  Samaniego, B.R.,2015 Changes in the fish and benthic communities within marine protected areas of difference ages in Batangas, Verde Island Passage, and the perceived benefit of reef fishers. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna. 151 pp.
114734  Raymundo, L., R. Diaz, A Miller and T. Reynolds,2011 Baseline surveys of proposed and established marine sanctuaries on Bantayan Island, northern Cebu. Technical Report No. 11. University of Guam. 64 p. 15
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118793  Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann,2013 Coral reef fishes of Timor-Leste. p. 33-82. In G.R. Allen and M.V. Erdmann (eds). A rapid biological assessment of Timor-Leste. Conservation International. 82;AnnexI
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