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References using Brosme brosme
Ref No. Description Page
000037  Russell, F.S.,1976 The eggs and planktonic stages of British marine fishes. Academic Press, London, UK. 524 p.
000038  Froese, R. and C. Papasissi,1990 The use of modern relational databases for identification of fish larvae. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 6(1):37-45.
000039  Halbeisen, H.-W.,1988 Bestimmungsschlüssel für Fischlarven der Nordsee und angrenzender Gebiete. Ber. Inst. Meeresk. Nr. 178.
000040  Ehrenbaum, E.,1936 Naturgeschichte und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Seefische Nordeuropas. Handb. Seefisch. Nordeurop. 2:337 p.
000041  Ehrenbaum, E.,1905 Eier und Larven von Fischen. p. 1-414. In Nordisches Plankton 1. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel-Leipzig.
000063  ASIH, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists,1984 Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom, 15-18 August 1983, La Jolla, California. Spec. Publ. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. 1:ix, 760 p.
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000194  Möller, H. and K. Anders,1986 Diseases and parasites of marine fishes. Verlag Möller, Kiel. 365 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 383
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 30
000312  Pauly, D.,1978 A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
000948  Joenoes, G.,1961 Über die Biologie und fischereiliche Bedeutung der Lengfische (Molva molva L., Molva byrkelange Wal) und des Lumb (Brosmius brosme Asc.). Ber. dt. Wiss. Kommn. Merres. 16(2):129-160.
001371  Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba,1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. 29;fig.64
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003662  Svetovidov, A.N.,1979 Gadidae. p. 300-320. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 312
003663  Svetovidov, A.N.,1986 Gadidae. p. 680-710. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. 697
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 54
006302  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm,1989 Havfisk og Fiskeri i Nordvesteuropa. GEC Gads Forlag, København, 244 p. (in Danish). 116-117
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 96
007439  Carpenter, K.,1994 List of FAO names in the yearbook found inconsistent with FIRM's Species Identification and Data Programme publications and other primary sources. pers. comm. FIDI-FIRM List, FAO, Rome. 5
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009925  Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen,1992 Fisk i grønlandske farvande. Atuakkiorfik, Nuuk. 65 s.
009926  Muus, B., F. Salomonsen and C. Vibe,1990 Grønlands fauna (Fisk, Fugle, Pattedyr). Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag A/S København, 464 p. (in Danish). 77
009988  Frimodt, C.,1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 201
012140  Swaby, S.E. and G.W. Potts,1990 Rare British marine fishes - identification and conservation. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):133-143. 142
012462  Jonsson, G.,1992 Islenskir fiskar. Fiolvi, Reykjavik, 568 pp. 35
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 28
027372  Jennings, S., S.P.R. Greenstreet and J.D. Reynolds,1999 Structural change in an exploited fish community: a consequence of differential fishing effects on species with contrasting life histories. J. Animal Ecol. 68:617-627.
027397  Bergstad, O.A.,1988 Ling (Molva molva), blue ling (Molva dipterygia) and tusk (Brosme brosme) of the Norwegian Deeps and adjacent slopes (northeastern North Sea and Skaggerak). ICES Northwestern Working Group Document, 1988.
027411  Bergstad, O.A. and N.R. Hareide,1996 Ling, blue ling and tusk of the northeast Atlantic. Fisken og Havet (Institute of Marine Research, Bergen) 15. 126 p.
028679  Went, A.E.J.,1957 List of Irish fishes. Department of Lands, Fisheries Division, Dublin. 31 p. 14
030402  Kullander, S.O.,1999 Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History., 25 May 1999.
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 8
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033337  Anonymous,2000 Systematisk liste over norske fisk registert pr. 1997. 7
033682  Lukmanov, E.C., T.B. Nikiforova and V.P. Ponomarenko,1985 Distribution of menek, Brosme brosme (Gadidae), in waters of the Norwegian and Barents Sea. J. Ichthyol. 25(3):133-139. 133
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 134
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
036372  Dolgov, A.V.,2000 New data on composition and distribution of the Barents Sea ichthyofauna. ICES CM2000/Mini:12, 12p. 9
037512  Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein,2000 Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NE 155, 138 p.
037553  Bergstad, O.A.,1991 Distribution and trophic ecology of some gadoid fish of the Norwegian Deep. 1. Accounts of individual species. Sarsia 75:269-313.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039373  Froese, R.,1990 Moderne Methoden zur Bestimmung von Fischlarven. Faculty of Biology, University of Hamburg. Ph. D. thesis.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 76
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040643  Haedrich, R.L. and N.R. Merrett,1988 Summary atlas of deep-living demersal fishes in the North Atlantic Basin. J. Nat. Hist. 22:1325-1362. 1334
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041554  Bergstad, O.A., O. Bjelland and J.D.M. Gordon,1999 Fish communities on the slope of the eastern Norwegian Sea. Sarsia 84:67-78. 75
042199  Bergstad, O.A.,1991 Distribution and trophic ecology of some gadoid fish of the Norwegian deep. 2. Food-web linkages and comparisons of diets and distributions. Sarsia 75:315-325. 317-318
043202  Andriyashev, A.P. and N.V. Chernova,1995 Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the Arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123. 100
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048010  Gordon, J.D.M., N.R. Merrett, O.A. Bergstad and S.C. Swan,1996 A comparison of the deep-water demersal fish assemblages of the rockall trough and procupine seabight, eastern north Atlantic: continental slope to rise. J. Fish Biol. 49(Suppl.A):217-238. 222
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 142
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 22
051094  Mouritsen, R.,2004 Fiskanøvn.
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 94
054271  Bedford, B.C., L.E. Woolner and B.W. Jones,1986 Length-weight relationships for commercial fish species and conversion factors for various presentations. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Directorate of Fisheries Research. Fisheries Research Data Report No. 10. 14
054293  FAO-FIGIS,2005 A world overview of species of interest to fisheries. Chapter: Brosme brosme. Retrieved on 16 May 2005, from 3p. FIGIS Species Fact Sheets. Species Identification and Data Programme-SIDP, FAO-FIGIS 1
054735  Wheeler, A.C., N.R. Merrett and D.T.G. Quigley,2004 Additional records and notes for Wheeler's (1992) List of the Common and Scientific Names of Fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 65(Suppl.B):1-40. 11
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
074354  Magnussen, E.,2007 Interpopulation comparison of growth patterns of 14 fish species on Faroe bank: are all fishes on the bank fast growing?. J. Fish Biol. 71(2):453-475. 453-475
074360  Gislason, H. and J. Rice,1998 Modelling the response of size and diversity spectra of fish assemblages to changes in exploitation. ICES J. Mar. Scie. 55:362-370.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
080685  Rätz, H-J.,1999 Structures and Changes of the Demersal Fish Assemblage off Greenland, 1982-96. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 32:1-15. 5
080858  Byrkjedal, I. and Å. Høines,2007 Distribution of demersal fish in the south-western Barents Sea. Polar Research 26:2007 135-151. 137
082057  Ministero Delle Politiche Agricole Alimantari e Forestali,2008 Elenco delle denominazioni in lingua Italiana: Delle specieittiche di interesse commerciale. Gazzetta Ufficiale Repubblica Italiana. Serie generale N. 45. 13
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086779  Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.),2002 Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 223
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
092354  ICES,2012 Stomach Dataset. ICES-CIEM Stomach Data (1981-2010). Copenhagen. Available online at Consulted on 2012-10-22.
093826  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2013 Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 02 July 2013. Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
106276  Wilhelms, I.,2013 Atlas of length-weight relationships of 93 fish and crustacean species from the North Sea and the North-East Atlantic (No. 12). Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, 552 p. 46
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
115040  ICES,2016 Report of the Working Group for the Celtic Seas Ecoregion (WGCSE), 4-13 May 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark. ICES CM 2016/ACOM:13. 1343 pp.
115046  ICES,2016 Report of the Working Group on Biology and Assessment of Deep-sea Fisheries Resources (WGDEEP), 20-27 April 2016, ICES HQ, Copenhagen, Denmark. ICES CM 2016/ACOM:18. 648 pp.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
117245  Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist,2018 Marine fishes of Arctic Canada. Toronto (ON, Canada): University of Toronto Press. xiii+618 p. 364-365;DrawBW;PointMap
117986  Linley, T.D., M. Lavaleye, P. Maiorano, M. Bergman, F. Capezzuto, N.J. Cousins, G. D'Onghia, G. Duineveld, M.A. Shields, L. Sion, A. Tursi and I.G. Priede,2017 Effects of cold-water corals on fish diversity and density (European continental margin: Arctic, NE Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea): Data from three baited lander systems. Deep-Sea Research II 145:8-21. 13
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118592  Froese, R.,2018 Personal communication. (Table sent by the author).
118614  ICES,2018 Tusk (Brosme brosme) in Subarea 14 and Division 5.a (East Greenland and Iceland grounds). ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort.
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
120179  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro, K.M. Kleisner and H. Winker,2017 Estimating fisheries reference points from catch and resilience. Fish and Fisheries 18(3):506-526.
120407  Wienerroither R., Johannesen E., Dolgov A., Byrkjedal I., Aglen A., Bjelland O., Drevetnyak K., Eriksen KB., Høines Å., Langhelle G., Langøy H., Murashko P., Prokhorova T., Prozorkevich D., Smirnov O., Wenneck T.,2013 Atlas of the Barents Sea Fishes based on the winter survey. IMR-PINRO Joint Report Series 2-2013:220 pp. 78
120413  Jørgensen, O.A., C. Hvingel, P.R. Møller and M.A. Treble,2005 Identification and mapping of bottom fish assemblages in Davis Strait and southern Baffin Bay. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62:1833-1852. 1851;AppendixA1
120666  Mecklenburg, C.W., Byrkjedal. I., J.S. Christiansen, O.V. Karamushko, A. Lynghammar and P.R. Møller,2013 List of marine fishes of the Arctic region annotated with common names and zoogeographic characterizations. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri, Iceland. 12
122188  ICES,2019 Tusk (Brosme brosme) in Subarea 14 and Division 5.a (East Greenland and Iceland grounds). ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort.
123022  Johannesen, E., H.L. Mork, K. Korsbrekke, R. Wienerroither, E. Eriksen, M. Fossheim, T. de Lange Wenneck, A. Dolgov, T. Prokhorova and D. Prozorkevich,2017 Arctic fishes in the Barents Sea 2004-2015: changes in abundance and distribution. IMR/PINRO Joint Report Series 1:50p. Tab2.1
124126  Wiedmann, M.A., R. Primicerio, A. Dolgov, C.A.M. Ottesen and M. Aschan,2014 Life history variation in Barents sea fishing: implications for sensitivity to fishing in a changing environmnt. Ecol. Evol. 4(18):3596-3611.
124174  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro and H. Winker,2021 User Guide for CMSY++. GEOMAR, Germany, 17 p.
125619  Johannesen, E., Jørgensen, L.L., M. Fossheim, R. Primicerio, M. Greenacre, P.A. Ljubin, A.V. Dolgov, R.B. Ingvaldsen, N.A. Anisimova and I.E. Manushin,2016 Large-scale patterns in community structure of benthos and fish in the Barents Sea. Polar Biology 40:237-246.
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