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References using Mustelus mustelus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 622-623
000244  Compagno, L.J.V.,1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. 419
000557  Wheeler, A.,1977 Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p. 257
002683  Schneider, W.,1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. 152
003166  Bianchi, G.,1986 Fichas FAO de identifacao de espécies para propósitos comerciais. Guia de campo para as espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Angola. Preparado com o apoio da NORAD e da FAO (FIRM) Programa Regular, FAO, Rome. 184 p. 114
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
005377  Maigret, J. and B. Ly,1986 Les poissons de mer de Mauritanie. Science Nat., Compiègne. 213 p. 27
005485  Bass, A.J., P.C. Heemstra and L.J.V. Compagno,1986 Carcharhinidae. p. 67-87. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 82
005578  Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale,1989 Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. New Holland (Publ.) Ltd., London. 158 p. 58
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 14
006302  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm,1989 Havfisk og Fiskeri i Nordvesteuropa. GEC Gads Forlag, København, 244 p. (in Danish). 40-41
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006808  Brito, A.,1991 Catalogo de los pesces de las Islas Canarias. Francisco Lemus, la Laguna. 230 p. 29;fig.10
009057  Economidis, P.S.,1973 Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).
009488  Bruce, J.R., J.S. Colman and N.S. Jones,1963 Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Memoir No. 36. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool. 251
009987  Frimodt, C.,1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 157
010311  Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller,1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London. 51-53
012484  van der Elst, R.,1993 A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. (3rd Ed.). Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 398 p. 45
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
012951  Michael, S.W.,1993 Reef sharks and rays of the world. A guide to their identification, behavior, and ecology. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California. 107 p. 58
013306  Vakily, J.M.,1994 Sierra Leone Fishery Surveys Database System (FisDas). Vol. 1 User manual; vol. 2 Technical Reference Handbook, IMBO, Freetown/ ICLARM, Manila.
013729  Amori, G., F.M. Angelici, S. Frugis, G. Gandolfi, R. Groppali, B. Lanza, G. Relini and G. Vicini,1993 Vertebrata. In A. Minelli, S. Ruffo and S. La Posta (eds.) Checklist delle specie della fauna Italiana, 110. Calderini, Bologna, 83 p.
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026335  Costa, F.,1991 Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani. Gruppo Ugo Mursia Editore S.p.A. Milano, Italy. 438 p. 197
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 33
026999  Sanches, J.G.,1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 16:429 p. 18
027000  Reiner, F.,1996 Catálogo dos peixes do arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Port. Invest. Mar. 2:339 p. 41
027121  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265p. 70,76,206
027798  Caverivière, A. and G.A.R. Andriamirado,1997 Minimal fish predation for the pink shrimp Penaeus notalis in Senegal (West Africa). Bull. Mar. Sci. 61(3):685-695. 687
028679  Went, A.E.J.,1957 List of Irish fishes. Department of Lands, Fisheries Division, Dublin. 31 p. 6
030423  Morte, S, M.J. Redon and A. Sanz-Brau,1997 Feeding habits of juvenile Mustelus mustelus (Carcharhiniformes, Triakidae) in the western Mediterranean. Cah. Biol. Mar. 38:103-107. 105
030745  Goosen, A.J.J. and M.J. Smale,1997 A preliminary study of age and growth of the smooth-hound shark Mustelus mustelus (Triakidae). S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 18:85-91.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033559  Cortés, E.,1999 Standardized diet compositions and trophic levels of sharks. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:707-717. 711
033798  Soljan, T.,1975 I pesci dell'Adriatico. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Verona, Italy.
033971  Lanfranco, G.G.,1996 The fish around Malta (Central Mediterranean). Progress Press Co. Ltd. (Malta). 132 p. 5
035117  Alegre, M., J. Lleonart and J. Veny,1992 Espècies pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Departament de Cultura, Generalitat Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. 16
035204  Santos, R.S., F.M. Porteiro and J.P. Barreiros,1997 Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography. Bulletin of the University of Azores. Supplement 1. 244 p. 117-118
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 43
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
035766  Compagno, L.J.V.,1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. 482
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
036731  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265 p. 80
037413  da Silva Monteiro, V.M.,1998 Peixes de Cabo Verde. Ministério do Mar, Gabinete do Secretário de Estado da Cultura. M2-Artes Gráficas, Lda., Lisbon. 179p. 48,49
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039152  Stancioiu, S.,1987 Ihtiologie sistematica. MEI-Universitatea din Galati, Atelierul de multiplicare-legatorie, Cda. Nr. 1785/3,03,86.
039328  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of CSIC. CSIC, Spain.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 19
039938  De Maddalena, A., L. Piscitelli and R. Malandra,2001 The largest specimen of smooth-hound, Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758), recorded from the Mediterranean Sea. Biljeske-Notes, 84:1-8. 1-8
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041474  Economidis, P.S.,2001 Common names of Hellenic marine fishes. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
041475  Economidis, P.S. and E. Koutrakis,2001 Common names of comercially important Hellenic marine organisms. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
041476  Deval, M.C.,2002 Common names of marine fishes of Turkey. Unpublished report. 26
041523  Sammut, R.,2001 Mediterranean sea fishes (Central Region). Qormi: SRT Press, 203 p.
043402  Nunes, A.,1953 Peixes da Madeira. Edição da Junta Geral do distrito Autón.
043454  Bor, P.H.F.,2002 Nederlandse naamlijst van de recente haaien en roggen (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) van de wereld. World Wide Web electronic publication, version (05/2002). 14
047102  Zuev, G.V. and A.R. Boltachev,2000 Demersal fish communities on the Guinea Shelf (West Africa). J. Ichthyol. 40(4):312-319. 314
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 5
048500  Luther, W. and K. Fiedler,2002 Guida della fauna marina costiera del Mediterraneo. Atlante illustrato a colori. Franco Muzzio & C. (editore), Roma. 244p.
048657  Papaconstantinou, C.,1988 Check-list of marine fishes of Greece. Fauna Graeciae IV, 257 p. 29
050345  Quignard, J.P. and J.A. Tomasini,2000 Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 7(3):1-66. 36
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 20
050675  Louisy, P.,2001 Guide d'identification des poissons marins. Europe et Méditerranée. Paris: Eds. Eugène Ulmer. 383
051024  Hureau, J.-C. and T. Monod (eds.),1979 Supplement. Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean. p.339-394. In J.-C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean.United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris, France. Vols 1-2. 683 p. 340
051055  Hanel, L. and J. Novák,2002 České názvy zivočichů V. Ryby a ryboviti obratlovci (Pisces) 3., maloústí (Gonorhynchiformes) - máloostní (Cypriniformes). Národní muzeum (zoologické oddělení), Praha.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
052268  George, M.,2004 Haie, Rochen und Chimären in der Nord- und Ostsee. Elasmoskop 8(1):10-16. 11
055711  Sanz Brau, A. and S. Morte,1992 Crustaceos decapodos (Crustacea: Decapoda) en el regimen alimentario de algunos peces. Suplemento no. 3. Ao Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia. V Congresso Ibérico de Entomologia, Lisboa, Portugal. 9-13 Novembro 1992. 176-177
055783  Mohamed Fall, K.O.,2005 Fishes of Mauritania. Unpublished compilation of K.O. Mohamed Fall.
055866  Pallaoro, A., I. Jardas and M. Santic,2005 Weight-length relationships for 11 chondrichthyan species in the eastern Adriatic Sea. Cybium 29(1):93-96. 95
056087  Frisk, M.G., T.J. Miller and N.K. Dulvy,2004 Life histories and vulnerability to exploitation of elasmobranchs: inferences from elasticity, pertubation and phylogenetic analyses. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci. 35:27-45. 4
056247  Séret, B. and P. Opic,1997 Poissons de mer de l'ouest Africain tropical. ORSTOM. Initiations-documentations techniques. 26
056504  Mytilineou, C., C.-Y. Politou, C. Papaconstantinou, S. Kavadas, G. D'Onghia and L. Sion,2005 Deep-water fish fauna in the Eastern Ionian Sea. Belg. J. Zool., 135(2):229-233. 230
057057  Filiz, H. and S. Mater,2002 A preliminary study on length-weight relationships for seven elesmobranch species from North Aegean Sea, Turkey. E.U. Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 19(3-4):401-409. 405
057058  Filiz, H. and G. Bilge,2004 Length-weight relationships of 24 fish species from the North Aegean Sea, Turkey. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 20:431-432. 431
057747  Ecomarg Project,2006 Biodiversity: Cantabrian Sea, Galician Shelf and Le Danois Bank. Ecomarg Project (
057855  Bilecenoglu, M., Taskavak E., S. Mater and M. Kaya,2002 Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa 113:1-194. 13
058085  Compagno, L.J.V., D. Dando and S. Fowler,2005 Sharks of the world. Princeton field guides. Harper Collins Publishing Ltd., London. 368 p. 275-6
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058723  Plejic, T.,2007 Fische der Adria. Das romanische Element in der kroatischen Ichthyofauna. Mit Glossar der Adriafische Kroatisch-Englisch-Deutsch-Italienisch. Diploma Thesis. University of Leipzig Institute of Applied Linguistics and Translational Studies.
074429  George, M.R. and H. Zidowitz,2006 Checkliste der europäischen Knorpelfischarten mit wissenschaftlichen und deutschen Namen. Z. Fischk. Bd. 8 Heft 1/2:71-81. 75
074541  Wirtz, P., R. Fricke and M.J. Biscoito,2008 The coastal fishes of Madeira Island - new records and an annotated check-list. Zootaxa 1715:1-26. 3
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078469  Serena, F.,2005 Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Rome : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Ix, 97 p., [14] leaves of plates :ill. (some col.), col. Maps ; 25 cm. 40
080786  Rogers, S.I. and R.S. Millner,1996 Factors affecting the annual abundance and regional distribution of English inshore demersal fish populations: 1973 to 1995. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53:1094-1112. 1100
082399  Ellis, J.R., A. Cruz-Martinez, B.D. Rackham and S.I. Rodgers,2005 The distribution of Chondrichthyan fishes around the British Isles and implications for conservation. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35:195-213. 199
083428  Dhora, Dh.,2010 Regjistër I specieve të faunës së Shqipërisë 2010. Shkodër: Camaj-Pipa. 208 p. 141
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084466  Compagno, L.J.V.,1979 Carcharhinidae. p. 23-31. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 28
086318  Ismen, A., C. Cigdem Yigin, U. Altinagac and A. Ayaz,2009 Length-weight relationships for ten shark species from Saros Bay (North Aegean Sea). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 25(Suppl.1):109-112. 109
086578  Bañon, R., D. Villegas-Ríos, A. Serrano, G. Mucientes and J.C. Arronte,2010 Marine fishes from Galicia (NW Spain): an updated checklist. Zootaxa 2667:1-27. 4
087029  Dhora, Dh.,2008 Fjalor i emrave të kafshëve të Shqipërisë (Emri shkencor - Shqip - Anglisht) / Dictionary of animal names of Albania (Scientific names - Albanian - English). Camaj - Pipa. Shkodër, Albania. pp. 288.
089108  Pereira, J.N., A. Simas, A. Rosa, A. Aranha, S. Lino, E. Constantino, V. Monteiro, O. Tariche and G. Menezes,2012 Weight-length relationships for 27 demersal fish species caught off the Cape Verde archipelago (eastern North Atlantic). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:156-159. 157
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
092354  ICES,2012 Stomach Dataset. ICES-CIEM Stomach Data (1981-2010). Copenhagen. Available online at Consulted on 2012-10-22.
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 115
094543  Miniconi, R. and Parc naturel régional de la Corse,1980 Parc naturel régional de Corse : poissons de Corse et de Méditerranée. Ajaccio: Parc naturel régional de la Corse; [Clermont-Ferrand] : Atelier de recherche des parcs pour l'expression graphique et l'édition, 116 p. 49
095232  Ferreira, S., R. Sousa, J. Delgado, D. Carvalho and T. Chada,2008 Weight-length relationships for demersal fish species caught off the Madeira archipelago (eastern-central Atlantic). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 24:93-95. 94
095489  Goren, M.,2014 The fishes of the Mediterranean: a biota under siege. pp. 385-400. In Goffredo, S. and Z. Dubinsky. 2014. The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer Netherlands. 655 pp. 393
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
095727  Lloris, D., J. Rucabado, Ll. del Cerro, F. Portas, M. Demestre and A. Roig,1984 Tots els peixos del Mar Català. I: Llistat de cites I referències. Treballs Soc. Cat. Ict. Herp. 1:1-208.
095773  Francour, P., P. Bodilis, J.M. Cottalorda and C. Seytre,2010 Inventaire des Gobiidae dans la réserve naturelle de Scandola (Corse) et à proximité de ses limites. Contrat Parc Naturel Régional de la Corse. Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, ECOMERS publ., Nice:1-54. 30
095871  Psomadakis, P.N., S. Giustino and M. Vacchi,2012 Mediterranean fish biodiversity: an updated inventory with focus on the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas. Zootaxa 3263:1-46. 27
096325  Miniconi, R.,2011 Complément á l'inventaire des poissons des eaux de Corse (1994-2011). Biologie - Pȇche - Localisation. Edition A Barcella Ajaccio, 50 p. 45
098752  Sadio, O.,2014 Common names of some fish species in Senegal. Unpublished compilation of O. Sadio.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
102582  Ulman, A., A Saad, K Zylich, D. Pauly and D. Zeller,2015 Reconstruction of Syria’s fisheries catches from 1950-2010: Signs of overexploitation. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 45(3):259-272. tab.A3
104125  Goren, M. and B.S. Galil,2015 A checklist of the deep sea fishes of the Levant Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Zootaxa 3994(4):507-530. 521
105474  von Vilcinskas, A.,2006 1000 Kala. Sinisukk. 384 p.
106276  Wilhelms, I.,2013 Atlas of length-weight relationships of 93 fish and crustacean species from the North Sea and the North-East Atlantic (No. 12). Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, 552 p. 294
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
113897  Papaconstantinou, C.,2014 Fauna Graeciae. An updated checklist of the fishes in the Hellenic seas. Monagraphs on Marine Sciences 7 35
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
115885  Güven, O., T. Kebapçioglu and M.C. Deval,2012 Length-weight relationships of sharks in Antalya Bay, eastern Mediterranean. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28:278-279. 278
118193  Bílge, G., S. Yapici, H. Fíliíz and H. Cerím,2014 Weight-length relationshions for 103 fish species from the southern Aegean sea, Turkey. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 44(3):263-269. 266
121384  Saidi, B., S. Enajjar, M.N. Bradai and A. Bouain,2009 Diet composition of smooth‐hound shark, Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758), in the Gulf of Gabès, southern Tunisia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 25:113-118. 115
124174  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro and H. Winker,2021 User Guide for CMSY++. GEOMAR, Germany, 17 p.
126095  Falsone, F., M.L. Geraci, D. Scanella, V. Gancitano, F. Di Maio, G. Sardo, F. Quattrocchi and S. Vitale,2022 Length-weight relationships of 52 species from the South of Sicily (Central Mediterranean Sea). Fishes 7(92). 6
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