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References using Hippocampus punctulatus
Ref No. Description Page
000063  ASIH, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists,1984 Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom, 15-18 August 1983, La Jolla, California. Spec. Publ. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. 1:ix, 760 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 297; 646-647
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 36
000796  Beverton, R.J.H. and S.J. Holt,1959 A review of the lifespans and mortality rates of fish in nature, and their relation to growth and other physiological characteristics. p. 142-180. In G.E.W. Wolstenholme and M. O'Connor (eds.) CIBA Foundation colloquia on ageing: the lifespan of animals. volume 5. J & A Churchill Ltd, London.
001285  Herald, R. and M. Rakowicz,1951 Stable requirements for raising sea horses. Aquarium J. 22:234-242.
002209  Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen,1972 Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Am. Nat. 106(951):621-644.
002272  Burgess, W.E., H.R. Axelrod and R.E. Hunziker III,1990 Dr. Burgess's Atlas der Meerwasser Aquarium Fische. Bede Verlag, Kollnburg, Germany.
003814  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. 38
004922  Stillwell, C.E. and N.E. Kohler,1982 Food, feeding habits, and estimates of daily ration of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Northwest Atlantic. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39(3):407-414. 407-414
005288  Edwards, A.,1990 Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 183
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 349-350
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 61
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 124
007471  Balon, E.K.,1990 Epigenesis of an epigeneticist: the development of some alternative concepts on the early ontogeny and evolution of fishes. Guelph Ichthyol. Rev. 1:1-48. 23
009050  Figueiredo, J.L. and N.A. Menezes,1980 Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. III. Teleostei (2). Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Brasil. 90 p.
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 147.2
009761  Humann, P.,1994 Reef fish identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 426 p. 316-317
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
011858  Hudson, E. and G. Mace (eds.),1996 Marine fish and the IUCN red list of threatened animals. Report of the workshop held in collaboration with WWF and IUCN at the Zoological Society of London, April 29-May 1 1996. World Wildlife Fund, Zoological Society of London, The World Conservation Union, 26 p. 13
012238  Vincent, A.C.J.,1996 The international trade in seahorses. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK. 163 p. 3
012255  Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.),1996 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.
026280  Acero, A.P.,1985 Zoogeographical implications of the distribution of selected families of Caribbean coral reef fishes. Proc. of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, Vol. 5. 434
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 414
027549  Murdy, E.O., R.S. Birdsong and J.A. Musick,1997 Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press Washington and London. 324 p. 138
030915  Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall,1999 Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. 15-21;91
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031522  Gibbons, S.,1999 Collect fish on stamps. Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London and Ringwood. 418 p.
031771  Anderson, E.,1967 The formation of the primary envelope during oocyte differentiation in teleosts. J. Cell Biol. 35:193-212. 193-212
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
032135  Eggleston, D.B. and E.A. Bochenek,1990 Stomach contents and parasite infestation of school bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus collected from the middle Atlantic bight, Virginia. Fish. Bull. 88(2):389-395. 391;tab.1
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 34
035420  Moe, A.M. Jr.,1992 The marine aquarium handbook. Beginner to breeder. Green Turtle Publication, Florida USA. 318 p.
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
035709  Vincent, A.C.J.,1990 Reproductive ecology of seahorses. University of Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. 101 p. Ph.D. dissertation.
035884  Buckel, J.A., M.J. Fogarty and D.O. Conover,1999 Foraging habits of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, on the U.S. east coast continental shelf. Fish. Bull. 97:758-775. 762
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
036630  Wicklund, R.I., S.J. Wilk and L. Ogren,1969 Observations on wintering locations of the northern pipefish and spotted seahorse. Underwat. Nat. 5:26-28. 26
036639  Matlock, G.C.,1992 Life history aspects of seahorses, Hippocampus, in Texas. Texas J. Sci. 44(2):213-222. 218
037512  Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein,2000 Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NE 155, 138 p.
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
038807  Rountree, R.A.,1990 Community structure of fishes attracted to shallow water fish aggregation devices off South Carolina, USA. Environ. Biol. Fishes 29(4):241-262. 245
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 94
049392  Monteiro-Neto, C., F.E.A. Cunha, M.C. Nottingham, M.E. Araújo, I.L. Rosa and G.M.L. Barros,2003 Analysis of the marine ornamental fish trade at Ceará State, northeast Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 12:1287-1295. 1289
050307  Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus,1984 An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191. 60
051203  Fritzche, R.A. and A. Vincent,2003 Syngnathidae. Pipefishes and seahorses. p. 1221-1225. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 269
052034  Foster, S.J. and A.C.J. Vincent,2004 Life history and ecology of seahorses: implications for conservation and management. J. Fish Biol. 65(1):1-61. 9
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 111
052992  Baum, J., J. Meewig and A.C.J. Vincent,2003 Bycatch of lined seahorses (Hippocampus erectus) in a Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl fishery. Fish. Bull. 101:721-731. 727
053426  Gardiner, N.,1998 Hippocampus erectus. University of Michigan. Michigan, USA. Undergraduate report.
053697  Teixeira, R.L. and J.A. Musick,2001 Reproduction and food habits of the lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) of Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. Rev. Brasil. Biol. 61(1):79-90. 79-90
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 44
054736  Nión, H., C. Ríos and P. Meneses,2002 Peces del Uruguay: Lista sistemática y nombres comunes. Montevideo, DINARA, Infopesca. 28
057756  Floeter, S.R., J.L. Gasparini, L.A. Rocha, C.E.L. Ferreira, C.A. Rangel and B.M. Feitoza,2003 Brazilian reef fish fauna: checklist and remarks (updated Jan. 2003). Brazilian Reef Fish Project: 4
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
074908  Vega-Cendejas, M.E.,2004 Ictiofauna de la reserva de la biosfera Celestún, Yucatán: una contribución al conocimiento de su biodiversidad. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Serie Zoología 75:193-206. 201
079080  Ayala-Pérez, L.A., J.R. Miranda and D.F. Hernández,2003 La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada. Rev. Biol. Trop. 51(3):783-794. 786
080565  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),2009 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2009. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2009.
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
082666  Woodall, L.C., H.J. Koldewey, Santos§ and P.W. Shaw,2009 First occurrence of the lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. J. Fish Biol. 75(6):1505-1512. 1505
085449  Department of Fisheries Malaysia,2009 Valid local name of Malaysian marine fishes. Department of Fisheries Malaysia. Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. 180 p.
086779  Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.),2002 Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 322
093252  Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick,2013 Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p. 144-145;Drawing
093496  CITES,2012 Appendices I, II and III valid from 25 September 2012. UNEP. 28
094142  CITES,2013 Appendices I, II and III valid from 12 June 2013. UNEP. 32
098447  Wirtz, P., J. Bingeman, J. Bingeman, R. Fricke, T.J. Hook and J. Young,2017 The fishes of Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean: new records and an annotated checklist. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 97(4):783-798. 787
102318  CITES,2015 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 05 February 2015. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Http:// [Accessed 04/11/2015]. 32
108899  CITES, UNEP-WCMC,2016 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 10 March 2016. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. [Accessed 23/06/2016]. 32
115213  Lourie, S. A., R.A. Pollom and S.J. Foster,2016 A global revision of the seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for further research. Zootaxa 4146(1):1-66. 24
115941  CITES, UNEP-WCMC,2017 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 04 April 2017. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. [Accessed 01/08/2017]. 47
118484  CITES, UNEP-WCMC,2017 The Checklist of CITES Species Website. Appendices I, II and III valid from 04 October 2017. CITES Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. Compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. [Accessed 08/17/2017]. 47
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