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References using Brevoortia tyrannus
Ref No. Description Page
000068  Fahay, M.,1983 Guide to the early stages of marine fishes occuring in the Western North Atlantic Ocean, Cape Hatteras to the Southern Scotian Shelf. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 4:1-423. 24-25
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000188  Whitehead, P.J.P.,1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. 215
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 88; 628-629
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 17
000308  Sambilay, V.C. Jr.,1990 Interrelationships between swimming speed, caudal fin aspect ratio and body length of fishes. Fishbyte 8(3):16-20.
000312  Pauly, D.,1978 A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
000843  Henry, K.A.,1971 Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus). Resource and fishery - analysis of decline. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS SSRF-642, 32 p.
000844  Reintjes, J.W.,1969 Synopsis of biological data on the Atlantic menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus. FAO Fish. Synops. 42 and U.S. Wildl. Serv. Circ. 320. 30 p. 3,5-6,21
000845  Rush, W.,1952 Observations of age and growth in the menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) as determined by scale determination. Copeia 1952(3):208-209.
001139  Pauly, D.,1980 On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters, and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 39(2):175-192.
002011  Palomares, M.L.D. and D. Pauly,1989 A multiple regression model for predicting the food consumption of marine fish populations. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 40(3):259-273.
002120  Thurston, R.V. and P.C. Gehrke,1993 Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (eds.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.
002302  Hughes, G.M. and M. Morgan,1973 The structure of fish gills in relation to their respiratory function. Biol. Revs. 48(3):419-475.
002308  Gray, I.E.,1954 Comparative study of the gill area of marine fishes. Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole 107:219-225.
002439  Hettler, W.F.,1976 Influence of temperature and salinity on routine metabolic rate and growth of young Atlantic menhaden. J. Fish Biol. 8(1):55-65.
002472  Nichols, J.T. and C.M. Breder,1927 The marine fishes of New York and southern New England. New York Zoological Society, New York. 192 p. 41-42
003106  Whitehead, P.J.P.,1978 Engraulidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol 2. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004607  Hildebrand, S.F.,1964 Family Clupeidae. p. 257-454. In H.B. Bigelow et al. (eds.) Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Fdn. Mar. Res., New Haven, (1-3):1-630. 346-362
004638  Pauly, D. and R.S.V. Pullin,1988 Hatching time in spherical, pelagic, marine fish eggs in response to temperature and egg size. Environ. Biol. Fishes 22(4):261-271.
004639  Jones, P.W., F.D. Martin and J.D. Hardy Jr.,1978 Development of fishes of the Mid-Atlantic Bight. An atlas of eggs, larval and juvenile stages. Vol. 1. Acipenseridae through Ictaluridae. U.S. Fish Wildl. Ser. Biol. Serv. Program FWS/OBS-78/12. 336 p. 105-111
004920  Medved, R.J. and J.A. Marshall,1981 Feeding behavior and biology of young sandbar sharks, Carcharhinus plumbeus (Pisces, Carcharhinidae), in Chincoteague Bay, Virginia. Fish. Bull. 79(3):441-447.
004922  Stillwell, C.E. and N.E. Kohler,1982 Food, feeding habits, and estimates of daily ration of the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Northwest Atlantic. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39(3):407-414. 407-414
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 112-4
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 28
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006414  Ida, H., N. Oka and K. Hayashigaki,1991 Karyotypes and cellular DNA contents of three species of the subfamily Clupeinae. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 38(3):289-294.
007135  Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder,1953 Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Fish. Bull. 53:1-577. 113-118
007145  Pereira, R.,1982 Peixes de nossa terra. Livraria Nobel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 129 p. 116
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 69
008971  Doucette, A.J. Jr. and J.M. Fitzsimons,1988 Karyology of elopiform and clupeiform fishes. Copeia 1988(1):124-130.
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009977  Cooper, R.A.,1965 An unusually large menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus (Latrobe) from Rhode Island. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 94(4):412.
009988  Frimodt, C.,1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 107
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
011063  Myers, R.A., J. Bridson and N.J. Barrowman,1995 Summary of worldwide spawner and recruitment data. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2024. 274 p.
011137  Vaughan, D.S. et al.,1999 To be filled. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS-SPEC 178.
012676  Palomares, M.L.D.,1991 La consommation de nourriture chez les poissons: étude comparative, mise au point d'un modèle prédictif et application à l'étude des réseaux trophiques. Thèse de Doctorat, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 211 p. 132
013808  Kjelson, M.A., D.S. Peters, G.W. Thayer and G.N. Johnson,1975 The general feeding ecology of postlarval fishes in the Newport River estuary. Fish. Bull. 73(1):137-144. 137-144
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 78
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 337
026980  Hartman, K.J. and S.B. Brandt,1995 Trophic resource partitioning, diets, and growth of sympatric estuarine predators. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 124(4):520-537. 522
026985  Buckel, J.A. and D.O. Conover,1997 Movements, feeding periods, and daily ration of piscivorous young-of-the-year bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, in the Hudson River estuary. Fish. Bull. 95:665-679. 673
027229  June, F. and W. Nicholson,1964 Age and size composition of the menhaden catch along the Atlantic coast of the United States, 1958. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv. Spec. Scient. Rep. (446).
027549  Murdy, E.O., R.S. Birdsong and J.A. Musick,1997 Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press Washington and London. 324 p. 72
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 21
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
032442  Lewis, V.P. and D.S. Peters,1994 Diet of juvenile and adult Atlantic menhaden in estuarine and coastal habitats. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 123(5):803-810. 803-810
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
037032  Bigelow, H.B., M.G. Bradbury, J.R. Dymond, J.R. Greeley, S.F. Hildebrand, G.W. Mead, R.R. Miller, L.R. Rivas, W.L. Schroeder, R.D. Suttkus and V.D. Vladykov,1963 Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part three. New Haven, Sears Found. Mar. Res., Yale Univ. 346;fig.84-89
037512  Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein,2000 Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NE 155, 138 p. ii,v,B16
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
038947  Hildebrand, S.F. and W.C. Schroeder,1928 Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. U.S. Bur. Fish. Bull. 43(pt. 1):366 p. 105
038970  Meldrim, J.W. and J.J. Gift,1971 Temperature preference, avoidance and shock experiments with estuarine fishes. Ichthyological Assoc., Bull. 75 p. 34
038971  Goode, G.B.,1879 The natural and economic history of the American menhaden. U.S. Comm. Fish., Rept. Of the Comm. (1877)5(Appendix A):1-530. 41
038983  McKenney, T.W.,1969 Life history of Atlantic menhaden. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Circ. 350. 49 p. 11
038984  June, F.C.,1961 The menhaden fishery of the United States. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Leafl. 521. 13 p. 1-13
038985  Massman, W.H., J.J. Norcross and E.B. Joseph,1962 Atlantic menhaden larvae in Virginia coastal waters. Chesapeake Sci. 3(1):42-45. 43-44
038986  June, F.C. and L. Chamberlain,1959 The role of the estuary in the life history and biology of Atlantic menhaden. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. Proc. (1958):41-45. 42
039012  McHugh, J.L., R.T. Oglesby and A.L. Pacheco,1959 Length, weight, and age composition of the menhaden catch in Virginia waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 4(2):145-162. 160-161
039013  Higham, J.R. and W.R. Nicholson,1964 Sexual maturation and spawning of the Atlantic menhaden. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Fish. Bull. 63(2):255-271. 263,267
039014  Dahlberg, M.D.,1970 Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico menhadens, genus Brevoortia (Pisces: Clupeidae). Bull. Fla. State Mus. Biol. Ser. 15(3):91-162. 100-101
039015  Dovel, W.L.,1971 Fish eggs and larvae of the upper Chesapeake Bay. Univ. Md. Nat. Resour. Inst., Spec. Rept. 4. 71 p. tab.6
039016  Richards, S.W.,1959 Pelagic fish eggs and larvae of the Long Island Sound. Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ. 17(1):95-124. 106-107
039017  Colton, J.B. Jr. and R.R. Marak,1969 Guide for identifying the common planktonic fish eggs and larvae of continental shelf waters, Cape Sable to Bloc Island. U.S. Bur. Commer. Fish. Biol. Lab. Ref. 69-9. 43 p. 11
039018  Kuntz, A. and L. Radcliffe,1917 Notes on the embryology and larval development of twelve teleostean fishes. U.S. Bur. Fish., Bull. 35:87-134. 119-123
039019  Reintjes, J.W.,1968 Development and distribution of larval menhaden. Report of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory, Beaufort, N.C. for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv., Circ. 287. 9-10
039467  Scotton, L.N., R.E. Smith, N.S. Smith, K.S. Price and D.P. de Sylva,1973 Pictorial guide to fish larvae of Delaware Bay: with information and bibliographies useful for the study of fish larvae. Delaware Bay Report Series. Vol. 7. College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware. 205 p. 34-37
040860  Mansueti, A.J. and J.D. Hardy,1967 Development of fishes of the Chesapeake Bay region. An atlas of egg, larval and juvenile stages. Part. 1. Port City Press, Baltimore. 202 p. 64-69
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
042147  Chase, B.C.,2002 Differences in diet of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) at five seasonal feeding grounds on the New England continental shelf. Fish. Bull. 100(2):168-180. 172
042392  James, A.G.,1988 Are clupeid microphagists herbivorous or omnivorous? A review of the diets of some commercially important clupeids. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 7:161-177. 162-163
043353  Austin, H.M.,1973 The ecology of Lake Montauk planktonic fish eggs and larvae. N.Y. Ocean Sci. Lab. Tech. Rept. 0021. 37 p.
046977  Lazzaro, X.,1987 A review of planktivorous fishes: their evolution, feeding behaviours, selectivities, and impacts. Hydrobiologia 146:97-167. 106
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 150
050291  Wilber, D.H., D.G. Clarke, M.H. Burlas, H. Ruben and R.J. Will,2003 Spatial and temporal variability in surf zone fish assemblages on the coast of northern New Jersey. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 56(2):291-304. 296
050649  Munroe, T.A. and M.S. Nizinski,2003 Clupeidae. Herrings (shads, menhadens). p. 804-830. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
051054  Hanel, L. and J. Novák,2001 ?eské názvy zivo?ich? V. Ryby a rybovití obratlovci (Pisces) II., nozdratí (Sarcopterygii), paprskoploutví (Actinopterygii) [chrupav?ití (Chondrostei), kostnatí (Neopterygii): kostlíni (Semionotiformes) - bezostní (Clupeiformes)]. Národní muzeum (zoologické odd?leí), Praha.
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 67
054290  FAO-FIGIS,2005 A world overview of species of interest to fisheries. Chapter: Brevoortia patronus. Retrieved on 16 May 2005, from 2p. FIGIS Species Fact Sheets. Species Identification and Data Programme-SIDP, FAO-FIGIS 1
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
079880  Gislason, H., N. Daan, J.C. Rice and J.G. Pope,2008 Does natural mortality depend on individual size?. ICES CM 2008/F:16.
079897  Schaaf, W.E. and G.R. Hunstman,1972 Effects of fishing on the Atlantic menhaden stock: 1955-1969. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 101:290-297.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086779  Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.),2002 Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 133
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
093252  Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick,2013 Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p. 77-78;Drawing
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
096293  Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson,2013 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p. 67
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
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