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References using Somniosus microcephalus
Ref No. Description Page
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000181  FAO,1986 Fishery statistics - catches and landings. FAO Yearb. 62:480 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 622-623
000247  Compagno, L.J.V.,1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. 103
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 13
000298  Bloch, M.E. and J.G. Schneider,1801 M.E. Blochii, systema ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini, Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum: Berlin. 584 p.
001756  Nijssen, H. and S.J. de Groot,1974 Catalogue of fish species of the Netherlands. Beaufortia 21(285):173-207.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004645  Muus, B. and P. Dahlström,1978 Meeresfische der Ostsee, der Nordsee, des Atlantiks. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 244 p.
004690  Halstead, B.W., P.S. Auerbach and D.R. Campbell,1990 A colour atlas of dangerous marine animals. Wolfe Medical Publications Ltd, W.S. Cowell Ltd, Ipswich, England. 192 p.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
004716  Halstead, B.W.,1980 Dangerous marine animals. Cornell Maritime Press, Inc., Maryland, U.S.A.
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005158  Compagno, L.J.V.,1990 Sharks. p. 81-85. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
005204  Wheeler, A.,1992 A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37.
005951  Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott,1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 33-35
006032  Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder,1948 Sharks. p. 59-546. In J. Tee-Van, C.M. Breder, S.F. Hildebrand, A.E. Parr and W.C. Schroeder (eds.) Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part one. Lancelets, cyclostomes, sharks. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Yale University, New Haven. 576 p. 516;fig100,101
006302  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm,1989 Havfisk og Fiskeri i Nordvesteuropa. GEC Gads Forlag, København, 244 p. (in Danish). 48-49
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006577  Bass, A.J., L.J.V. Compagno and P.C. Heemstra,1986 Squalidae. p. 49-62. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 60
007135  Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder,1953 Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Fish. Bull. 53:1-577.
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 33
007439  Carpenter, K.,1994 List of FAO names in the yearbook found inconsistent with FIRM's Species Identification and Data Programme publications and other primary sources. pers. comm. FIDI-FIRM List, FAO, Rome. 2
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009925  Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen,1992 Fisk i grønlandske farvande. Atuakkiorfik, Nuuk. 65 s.
009926  Muus, B., F. Salomonsen and C. Vibe,1990 Grønlands fauna (Fisk, Fugle, Pattedyr). Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag A/S København, 464 p. (in Danish). 33
010311  Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller,1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London. 51-53
010953  Joensen, J.S. and Å. Vedel Tåning,1970 Marine and freshwater fishes. Zoology of the Faroes LXII-LXIII, 241 p. Reprinted form. 31-33
011294  Graves, J. and E. Hall,1988 Arctic Animals. Department of Renewable Resources, Government of the Northwest Territories, Yellowknife, N.W.T., Canada. 85 p. 78-79
011366  Evermann, B.W. and E.L. Goldsborough,1907 The fishes of Alaska. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 26: 219-360. 228
011892  Miller, R.G.,1993 A history and atlas of the fishes of the Antarctic Ocean. Foresta Institute, Nevada. 792 p. 473
012140  Swaby, S.E. and G.W. Potts,1990 Rare British marine fishes - identification and conservation. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):133-143. 141
012462  Jonsson, G.,1992 Islenskir fiskar. Fiolvi, Reykjavik, 568 pp. 25
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 122
027347  ICES Demersal Fish Committee,1997 Report of the Study Group on Elasmobranchs. ICES CM /G:2, 123 p.
027545  McAllister, D.E., V. Legendre and J.G. Hunter,1987 Liste de noms inuktitut (esquimaux), français, anglais et scientifiques des poissons marins du Canada arctique. Rapp. Manus. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat, 1932,106 p. 20
027579  Demski, L.S. and R.G. Northcutt,1996 The brain and cranial nerves of the white shark: an evolutionary perspective. p. 121-130. In A.P. Klimley and D.G. Ainley (eds.) Great white sharks: the biology of Carcharodon carcharias. 125
027839  Birket-Smith, K.,1928 Five hundred Eskimo words. Rep. Fifth Thule Exped. 1921-24. 3(3):1-64.
027841  Trinel, E.,1970 Atii, parlez esquimau. Centre canadien de recherches en anthropologie, Université Saint-Paul. Ottawa.
027843  Dunbar, M.J. and H.H. Hildebrand,1952 Contribution to the study of fishes of Ungava Bay. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 9(2):83-128.
027844  Schneider, L.,1970 Dictionnaire esquimau-français du parler de l'Ungava et contrées limitrophes. Travaux et documents du Centre d'Études nordiques 3. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec. 439 pp.
027845  Jensen, A.S.,1914 The selachians. Saertryk af Mindeskrift for Japetus Steenstrup. Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri, København. 40 pp.
027846  Schultz-Lorentzen, X.,1927 Dictionary of the West Greenland Eskimo language. Medd. Om Grønland 69:1-303.
027847  Jensen, A.S.,1948 Contributions to the ichthyofauna of Greenland, 8-24. Skrifter udgivet af Universitetets zoologiske Museum København. IX. Pp. 1-182.
028609  Jordan, D.S. and E.C. Starks,1895 The fishes of Puget Sound. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5:785-855. 788
030402  Kullander, S.O.,1999 Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History., 25 May 1999.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033559  Cortés, E.,1999 Standardized diet compositions and trophic levels of sharks. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 56:707-717. 713
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 60
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
035766  Compagno, L.J.V.,1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. 474
036372  Dolgov, A.V.,2000 New data on composition and distribution of the Barents Sea ichthyofauna. ICES CM2000/Mini:12, 12p. 7
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039152  Stancioiu, S.,1987 Ihtiologie sistematica. MEI-Universitatea din Galati, Atelierul de multiplicare-legatorie, Cda. Nr. 1785/3,03,86.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 17
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
043202  Andriyashev, A.P. and N.V. Chernova,1995 Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123. 86
043454  Bor, P.H.F.,2002 Nederlandse naamlijst van de recente haaien en roggen (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) van de wereld. World Wide Web electronic publication, version (05/2002). 6
043948  Kondyurin, V.V. and N.A. Myakov,1983 Catches of newborn Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch and Schneider) (Dalatiidae). J. Ichthyol. 23(6):140-141. 140-141
045488  Duhamel, G., N. Gasco and P. Davaine,2005 Poissons des îles Kerguelen et Crozet. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Patrimoines naturels: France. Vol. 63:419 p. 64,20
047487  Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung,2003 Verzeichnis der Handelsbezeichnungen für Erzeugnisse der Fischerei und der Aquakultur. Retrieved 17 June 2003, from 10
050224  Yano, K., J.D. Stevens and L.J.V. Compagno,2004 A review of the systematics of the sleeper shark genus Somniosus with redescriptions of Somniosus (Somniosus) antarcticus and Somniosus (Rhinoscymnus) longus (Squaliformes: Somniosidae). Ichthyol. Res. 51:360-373. 369
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 20
050675  Louisy, P.,2001 Guide d'identification des poissons marins. Europe et Méditerranée. Paris: Eds. Eugène Ulmer. 386
051094  Mouritsen, R.,2004 Fiskanøvn.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
052268  George, M.,2004 Haie, Rochen und Chimären in der Nord- und Ostsee. Elasmoskop 8(1):10-16. 11
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 50
055204  Florida Museum of Natural History,2005 Biological profiles: Greenland shark. Retrieved on 26 August 2005, from Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History: Education-Biological Profiles. FLMNH, University of Florida.
057899  Krefft, G. and E. Tortonese,1979 Squalidae. p. 37-48. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. 47
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058185  Gallant, J., C. Harvey-Clark, R.A. Myers and M.J.W. Stokesbury,2006 Sea lamprey attached to a Greenland shark in the St. Lawrence estuary, Canada. Northeastern Naturalist 13(1):35-38. 35-38
058240  Stokesbury, M.J.W., C. Harvey-Clark, J. Gallant, B.A. Block and R. Myers,2005 Movement and environmental preferences of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) electronically tagged in the St. Lawrence Estuary, Canada. Mar. Biol. 148:159-165. 159-165
058426  Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist,2004 Annotated list of the arctic marine fishes of Canada. Can. MS Rep. Fish Aquat. Sci. 2674:iv:+112 p. 8
074429  George, M.R. and H. Zidowitz,2006 Checkliste der europäischen Knorpelfischarten mit wissenschaftlichen und deutschen Namen. Z. Fischk. Bd. 8 Heft 1/2:71-81. 76
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
080685  Rätz, H-J.,1999 Structures and Changes of the Demersal Fish Assemblage off Greenland, 1982-96. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 32:1-15. 5
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
086599  Yano, K., J.D. Stevens and L.J.V. Compagno,2007 Distribution, reproduction and feeding of the Greenland shark Somniosus (Somniosus) microcephalus, with notes on two other sleeper sharks, Somniosus (Somniosus) pacificus and Somniosus (Somniosus) antarcticus. J. Fish Biol. 70(2):374-390. 374
086838  Mecklenburg, K.C., P.R. Møller and D. Steinke,2011 Biodiversity oif the Arctic marine fishes: taxonomy and zoogeography. Marine Biodiversity 41(1):109-140. 115
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
096293  Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson,2013 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p. 53
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
105472  Pihu, E.,1979 Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad. Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
110949  Nielsen, J., R.B. Hedeholm, J. Heinemeier, P.G. Bushnell, J.S. Christiansen, J. Olsen, C.B. Ramsey, R.W. Brill, M. Simon, K. Steffensen and J.F. Steffensen,2016 Eye lens radiocarbon reveals centuries of longevity in the Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus). Science 353:702-704. Supplementary materials available at 702
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
117245  Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist,2018 Marine fishes of Arctic Canada. Toronto (ON, Canada): University of Toronto Press. xiii+618 p. 180-183;DrawBW;PointMap
117977  Leclerc, L.M.E., C. Lydersen, T. Haug, L. Bachmann, A.T. Fisk and K.M. Kovacs,2012 A missing piece in the Arctic food web puzzle? Stomach contents of Greenland sharks sampled in Svalbard, Norway. Polar Biology 35(8):1197-1208. 1203
117987  Lynghammar, A., J.S. Christiansen, C.W. Mecklenburg, O.V. Karamushko, P.R. Møller and V.F. Gallucci,2013 Species richness and distribution of chondrichthyan fishes in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas. Biodiversity 14(1):57-66. 60
118020  Hussey, N.E., A. Cosandey-Godin, R.P. Walter, K.J. Hedges, M. VanGerwen-Toyne, A.N. Barkley, S.T. Kessel and A.T. Fisk,2015 Juvenile Greenland sharks Somniosus microcephalus (bloch & Schneider, 1801) in the canadian arctic. Polar biology 38(4):493-504.
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118389  Nielsen, J., R.B. Hedeholm, M. Simon and J.F. Steffensen,2014 Distribution and feeding ecology of the Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) in Greenland waters. Polar Biology 37(1):37-46. 42
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
119696  Mecklenburg, C.W., A. Lynghammar, E. Johannesen, Byrkjedal. I., J.S. Christiansen, A.V. Dolgov, O.V. Karamushko, T.A. Mecklenburg, P.R. Møller, D. Steinke and P.R. Wienerroither,2018 Marine fishes of the Arctic Region.Volume I. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri, Iceland. [CAFF Monitoring Series Report 28:1-454.] 29;fig.,map
120407  Wienerroither R., Johannesen E., Dolgov A., Byrkjedal I., Aglen A., Bjelland O., Drevetnyak K., Eriksen KB., Høines Å., Langhelle G., Langøy H., Murashko P., Prokhorova T., Prozorkevich D., Smirnov O., Wenneck T.,2013 Atlas of the Barents Sea Fishes based on the winter survey. IMR-PINRO Joint Report Series 2-2013:220 pp.
120413  Jørgensen, O.A., C. Hvingel, P.R. Møller and M.A. Treble,2005 Identification and mapping of bottom fish assemblages in Davis Strait and southern Baffin Bay. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62:1833-1852. 1852;AppendixA1
120663  Sawatzky, C.D., D.A. Boguski, B. Moons, J.D. Reist and K. Martin,2018 Results of the 2015 general status assessment of selected marine invertebrates, fishes, and marine mammals in DFO's central and Arctic region. Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1286:45p. App5
120666  Mecklenburg, C.W., Byrkjedal. I., J.S. Christiansen, O.V. Karamushko, A. Lynghammar and P.R. Møller,2013 List of marine fishes of the arctic region annotated with common names and zoogeographic characterizations. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri, Iceland. 5
123022  Johannesen, E., H.L. Mork, K. Korsbrekke, R. Wienerroither, E. Eriksen, M. Fossheim, T. de Lange Wenneck, A. Dolgov, T. Prokhorova and D. Prozorkevich,2017 Arctic fishes in the Barents Sea 2004-2015: changes in abundance and distribution. IMR/PINRO Joint Report Series 1:50p. Tab2.1
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