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References Used for Fishes of Pseudocarchariidae
( Crocodile sharks )
Sort by : RefNo Author Year
[ n = 78 ] 
Anderson, R.C., J.E. Randall and R.H. Kuiter, 1998 New records of fishes from the Maldive Islands, with notes on other species. Ichthyol. Bull. 67(2):20-36.
Anonymous, 1993 Computerized catalog of the fish collection. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California.
Anonymous, 1998 Fish collection database of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM). Bishop Museum, 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, Hawai`I, 96817-0916 USA.
Anonymous, 1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
Anonymous, 2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
Anonymous, 2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
Anonymous, 2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
Anonymous, 2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
Baquero, A.G., 2002 El parque nacional Machalilla: un parque en peligro resultados preliminares del programa de monitoreo socio-ambiental 1998-2001. Fundación Natura. Quito, Ecuador. 60 p.
Bass, A.J., 1986 Pseudocarchariidae. p. 103. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Béarez, P., M. Zambrano and H. Treviño, 2001 Premier signalement pour le pérou de trois poissons océaniques: Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Chondrichthyes, Pseudocarchariidae), Alepisaurus ferox (Osteichthyes, Alepisauridae) et Pteraclis velifera (Osteichthyes, Bramidae). Cybium 25(2):181-184.
Beerkircher, L.R., C.J. Brown, D.L. Abercrombie and D.W. Lee, 2004 SEFSC pelagic observer program data summary for 1992-2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SERSC-522.
Bor, P.H.F., 2002 Nederlandse naamlijst van de recente haaien en roggen (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) van de wereld. World Wide Web electronic publication, version (05/2002).
Carl, H., 2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO.
Compagno, L.J.V., 1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland.
Compagno, L.J.V., 2001 Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Vol. 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. 1(2):269 p. FAO, Rome.
Compagno, L.J.V. and V.H. Niem, 1998 Pseudocarchariidae. Crocodile sharks. p. 1268. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.
Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale, 1989 Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. New Holland (Publ.) Ltd., London. 158 p.
Compagno, L.J.V., F. Krupp and W. Schneider, 1995 Tiburones. p. 647-744. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para los Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome.
Compagno, L.J.V., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens and M.N.R. Alava, 2005 Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Rept. 243. 101 p.
Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter, 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
Dulvy, N.K. and J.D. Reynolds, 1997 Evolutionary transitions among egg-laying, live-bearing and maternal inputs in sharks and rays. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B: Biol. Sci. 264:1309-1315.
Edwards, A., 1990 Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
eElurikkus, 2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2012 Catalog of fishes. Updated internet version of 02 October 2012. Catalog databases of CAS cited in FishBase (website).
FAO, Fisheries Department, 1994 World review of highly migratory species and straddling stocks. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. No. 337. Rome, FAO. 70 p.
FAO-FIES, 2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
FAO-FIES, 2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
FAO-FIES, 2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
FAO-FIES, 2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
FAO-FIES, 2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
FAO-FIES, 2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
FAO-FIES, 2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
FAO-FIGIS, 2005 A world overview of species of interest to fisheries. Chapter: Pseudocarcharias kamoharai. Retrieved on 01 July 2005, from 4p. FIGIS Species Fact Sheets. Species Identification and Data Programme-SIDP, FAO-FIGIS
Fricke, R., M. Kulbicki and L. Wantiez, 2011 Checklist of the fishes of New Caledonia, and their distribution in the Southwest Pacific Ocean (Pisces). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 4:341-463.
Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller, 1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London.
George, M.R. and H. Zidowitz, 2006 Checkliste der europäischen Knorpelfischarten mit wissenschaftlichen und deutschen Namen. Z. Fischk. Bd. 8 Heft 1/2:71-81.
Gilmore, R.G., 1993 Reproductive biology of lamnoid sharks. Environ. Biol. Fishes 38(1-3):95-114.
Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and P.J. Kailola, 1984 Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonesia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Federal Republic of Germany. 407 p.
Heemstra, P.C., 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Hilton-Taylor, C., 2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006 Fishes. In Beasley, O.L. and A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing, 2178 p.
Hureau, J.-C., 1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
Kashkin, N.I., 1989 Mesopelagic ichthyofauna of the southwestern Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 29(3):116-127.
Kim, I.S., Y. Choi, C.L. Lee, Y.J. Lee, B.J. Kim and J.H. Kim, 2005 Illustrated book of Korean fishes. Kyo-Hak Pub Co. Seoul. 615p. (in Korean).
Kumar R.R., Venu S., Akhilesh K.V., Bineesh K.K. and Rajan P.T., 2018 First report of four deep-sea chondrichthyans (Elasmobranchii and Holocephali) from Andaman waters, India with an updated checklist from the region. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 48(3):289-301.
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994 Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p.
Lessa, R., H.A. Andrade, K.L. De Lima and F.M. Santana, 2015 Age and growth of the midwater crocodile shark Pseudocarcharias kamoharai. J. Fish Biol. 89(1):371-385.
Lisney, T.J. and S.P. Collin, 2006 Brain morphology in large pelagic fishes: a comparison between sharks and teleosts. J. Fish Biol. 68(2):532-554.
Love, M.S., C.W. Mecklenburg, T.A. Mecklenburg and L.K. Thorsteinson, 2005 Resource inventory of marine and estuarine fishes of the West Coast and Alaska: A checklist of North Pacific and Arctic Ocean species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Seattle, Washington, 98104.
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura, 2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
Mourier, J. and S. Planes, 2015 Les requins et raies des îles Australes, espèces emblématiques de la conservation. p. 113-119 Salvat, B.; Bambridge, T.; Tanret, D.; Petit, J. 2015 Environnement marin des îles Australes, Polynésie française. Institut Récifs Coralliens Pacifique, CRIOBE et The Pew Charitable Trusts Polynésie française. Polynésie française, Tahiti, p. 342.
Mundy, B.C., 2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704.
Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams, 2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD.
Ofori-adu, D.W., 1988 List of fishes, shellfishes and other marine food resources in the Ghanaian coastal waters. Mar. Fish. Res. Tech. Pap. No. 1. 43 p.
Oliveira, P., F.H.V. Hazin, F. Carvalho, M. Rego, R. Coelho, A. Piercy and G. Burgess, 2010 Reproductive biology of the crocodile shark Pseudocarcharias kamoharai. J. Fish Biol. 76(7):1655-1670.
Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden and J.S. Nelson, 2013 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, 7th edition. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, 384 p.
Rajan, P.T. and S.S. Mishra, 2018 Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: An updated checklist. J. Andaman Sci. Assoc. 23(2):148-181.
Randall, J.E., 1997 Randall's tank photos. Collection of 10,000 large-format photos (slides) of dead fishes. Unpublished.
Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.), 2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667.
Riede, K., 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
Romanov, E.V. and V.V. Zamorov, 1994 On discoveries of the crocodile shark, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Pseudocarchariidae), in the equatorial Indian ocean. J. Ichthyol. 34(4):155-157.
Sáez, S., G. Pequeño and J. Lamilla, 2010 Clave taxonómica del Superorden Squalomorphi de Chile (Pisces: Elasmobranchii). Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 45(1): 619-634.
Seeto, J. and W.J. Baldwin, 2010 A checklist of the fishes of Fiji and a bibliography of Fijian fish. Division of Marine Studies Technical Report 1/2010. The University of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji. 102 p.
Soto, J.M.R., 2000 Sobre a presença do tubarão-crocodilo, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) (Chondrichthyes, Pseudocarchariidae) no sudoeste do Atlântico. Estudos Biológicos 46:59-70.
Stobbs, R.E., 1990 Comorian fish names with a preliminary list of Malagasy common names. Investigational Report No. 35
Sutton, T.T., P.A. Hulley, R. Wienerroither, D. Zaera-Perez and J.R. Paxton, 2020 Identification guide to the mesopelagic fishes of the central and south east Atlantic Ocean. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. Rome: FAO, xvi+327 p.
Teng, H.-T., 1959 Studies on the elasmobranch fishes from Formosa Part 2. A new carcharoid shark, (Carcharias yangi) from Formosa. Rep. Inst. Fish. Biol. 1(3):1-5.
Trindade-Santos, I. and K.M.F. Freire, 2015 Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Front. Mar. Sci. 2:38.
Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm, 2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
Ward, P. and D. Curan, 2004 Scientific monitoring of longline fishing off Western Australia. Australian Fisheries Management Authority, November 2004.
White, W.T., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens, G.K. Yearsley, Fahmi and Dharmadi, 2006 Economically important sharks and rays of Indonesia. [Hiu dan pari yang bernilai ekonomis penting di Indonesia]. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.
Wickel, J., A. Jamon, M. Pinault, P. Durville and P. Chabanet, 2014 Composition et structure des peuplements ichtyologiques marins de l’île de Mayotte (sud-ouest de l’océan Indien). Cybium 38(3):179-203.
Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
Yopak, K., T.J. Lisney, S.P. Collin and J.C. Montgomery, 2007 Variation in brain organization and cerebellar foliation in Chondrichthyans: sharks and holocephalans. Brain Behav. Evol. 69:280-300.
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