Petrus rupestris (Valenciennes, 1830)
Red steenbras
Pargo vermelho
Petrus rupestris
photo by FAO

Family:  Sparidae (Porgies)
Max. size:  200 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 80 kg
Environment:  demersal; brackish; marine; depth range - 10 m
Distribution:  Southeast Atlantic: Mossel Bay to Natal in South Africa.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Reddish, bronzy or golden-yellow in color; young with a blotch behind dorsal fin.
Biology:  Found near rocky banks in coastal waters including estuaries. Adults solitary and territorial. Feeds on octopus, crabs and fish, especially Spondyliosoma. The flesh is highly esteemed, but the liver is poisonous due to high vitamin A content which causes hypervitaminosis. Popular angling fish. Largest of the porgies.
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 03 December 2009 (A2bd) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  poisonous to eat
Country info:  Presence in the country to be confirmed (Ref. 5213).

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 04.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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