Upeneus pori Ben-Tuvia & Golani, 1989
Por's goatfish
Upeneus pori
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Max. size:  19 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range - 20 m
Distribution:  Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Oman, Madagascar, South Africa, Eastern Mediterranean (via Suez Canal).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 7-7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VII,9; pectoral fins 14; gill rakers 7-8 + 18-20 = 26-27; lateral line scales 29-30; body depth at first dorsal fin origin 21-24% SL and at anus 20-22% SL; caudal-peduncle depth 9.1-10% SL; maximum head depth 18-20% SL; head depth through eye 15-16% SL; head length 26-28%SL; orbit length 6.3-7.8% SL; upper jaw length 10-11% SL; barbel length 16-18% SL; caudal-fin length 27-29% SL; anal-fin height 16-17% SL; pelvic-fin length 20-23% SL; pectoral-fin length 20-22% SL; first dorsal-fin height 20-21% SL; second dorsal-fin height 15-16% SL; 11-15 total bars on caudal fin, 4-6 reddish brown bars on upper caudal-fin lobe; 5-9 red-brown or grey bars on ventral half of lower lobe, extending to a broad brown or dark grey stripe along middle of lobe; 3-4 brownish-red or grey bars on inner, dorsal half of lower caudal-fin lobe (bar patterns usually retained on preserved fish); none or only faint indication of a mid-lateral body stripe on fresh fish; first dorsal-fin not pigmented; yellow or white barbels; body greyish or red-brown, darkened dorsally, covered with grey to reddish-brown spots reaching lateral side; dark-brown or red bar from eye vertically downwards may show on live fish; body dorsally darkened in preserved fish (Ref. 83903).
Biology:  Feeds on hypobenthic invertebrates, mainly crustaceans and, to a lesser extent, polychaetes, which they detect with their barbels (Ref. 43448).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 19.02.98
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 29.09.14

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