Trachurus mediterraneus (Steindachner, 1868)
Mediterranean horse mackerel
photo by Sarp, B.

Family:  Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos), subfamily: Caranginae
Max. size:  60 cm FL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-oceanic; depth range 0 - 500 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania including the Mediterranean Sea. The subspecies Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus occurs in the Marmara and Black seas, southern and western parts of the Azov Sea.
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Adults are found usually near the bottom, at times also in surface waters; pelagic and migratory in large schools. They feed on other fishes especially sardines, anchovies, etc. and small crustaceans (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 10 May 2013 Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Papasissi, Christine - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 12.07.13
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 05.09.94

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