Salmo cettii Rafinesque, 1810
photo by Porcellotti, S.

Family:  Salmonidae (Salmonids), subfamily: Salmoninae
Max. size:  40 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater
Distribution:  Europe: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Tyrrehenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward.
Diagnosis:  Distinguished from congeners in Mediterranean basin by having the following combination of characters: 9-13 parr marks in adults; caudal fin slightly emarginate; 20-60 small ocellated spots on flank (smaller than eye), some black, some brownish red (Ref. 59043).
Biology:  Inhabits streams in hilly areas and lowland in karstic resurgences. Occurs in clear waters around 10-20° C, usually with dense subaquatic vegetation. Feeds mainly on aquatic insects. Spawns on gravel bottom in shallow water. Attains a maximum size of up to about 40 cm SL. Threatened due to water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (Ref. 59043).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 01 January 2008 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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