Pseudophallus starksii (Jordan & Culver, 1895)
Pseudophallus starksii
photo by Nugra Salazar, F.

Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Syngnathinae
Max. size:  17.6 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  Central and South America: Baja California Sur and Sinaloa, Mexico to Santa Rosa, Ecuador.
Biology:  Occurs in rivers, streams or upper reaches of estuaries. Maximum upstream elevation of 61 m. Most common in depths less than 3 m. One specimen reported from a presumably marine habitat. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 26 November 2015 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 09.02.98
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 10.12.04

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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