Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)
Saithe
Pollachius virens
photo by Flescher, D.

Family:  Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Max. size:  130 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 32 kg; max. reported age: 25 years
Environment:  demersal; depth range 37 - 364 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0. Chin barbel small. Lateral line smooth along its entire length. Body color is brownish-green dorsally, becoming only slightly paler ventrally. The lateral line pale.
Biology:  An active, gregarious fish occurring inshore and offshore waters. Usually enters coastal waters in spring and returns to deeper waters in winter (Ref. 9988). Smaller fish in inshore waters feed on small crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, euphausiids) and small fish, while larger fish prey predominantly upon fishes. Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 03.08.07
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 16.12.96

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