Phycis phycis (Linnaeus, 1766)
photo by Luquet, D.

Family:  Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Max. size:  65 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 3,910.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic; depth range 13 - 614 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.
Biology:  Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 February 2015 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 23.10.90
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 04.01.08

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17