Pellona flavipinnis (Valenciennes, 1837)
Yellowfin river pellona
photo by FAO

Family:  Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Max. size:  73 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic; freshwater; brackish
Distribution:  South America: Argentina (Rio de la Plata down to Buenos Aires, Rio ParanĂ¡), Uruguay (Rio Uruguay), Brazil (Rio Tapajoz, Amazon as far up as Rio Jurua and down probably to mouth), the Guianas (Surinam, Guyana), Venezuela and Colombia (Orinoco from Rio Manacacias at Puerto Gaitan to Orinoco mouth). Reported from French Guiana (Ref. 27233).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 38-46. Belly with 20 to 24 + 12 to 14, total 32 to 37 scutes. Lower jaw projecting; upper jaw with a toothed hypo-maxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade; lower gill rakers 23 to 31 (in fishes of 10 to 50 cm standard length, with the lower numbers in larger fishes). Pelvic fins with distinct axillary scale; anal fin origin under dorsal fin base.
Biology:  Riverine, apparently not entering the sea, although presumably tolerating some salinity at river mouths. Not clearly distinguished from P. castelnaeana in the past, so that previous biological or fishery data may apply to either species. Flesh considered low quality (Ref. 5217). Seldom captured in the lower reaches of rivers (Ref. 27188).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 06 March 2017 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 16.07.13
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 27.07.94

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