Pachychilon pictum (Heckel & Kner, 1858)
photo by Mircevski, D.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Leuciscinae
Max. size:  18 cm SL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 70.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  Europe: Adriatic basin from Drin to Aoos drainages. Introduced in Serchio (Italy), Garonne and Var (France) drainages, and probably elsewhere.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Diagnosed from Pachychilon macedonicum by having numerous dark brown marks of various shapes and sizes on body (a dark stripe distinct in life in juveniles, rarely in preserved individuals), thick lower lip with a long median lobe, 40-44 + 2 scales on lateral line, and 8-10½ branched rays on anal fin (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 19 to 20 soft rays (Ref. 40476).
Biology:  A gregarious species which inhabits near shore lakes and slow-flowing stretches and backwaters of streams and rivers (Ref. 59043). Feeds on fish, invertebrates (Ref. 26100), insect larvae and periphyton (Ref. 59043). Spawns over gravel beds or among vegetation at temperatures above 12°C (Ref. 59043).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 05 March 2010 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 11.04.97
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 15.07.13
Checked by: Casal, Christine Marie V. - 18.03.03

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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