Neosebastes entaxis Jordan & Starks, 1904
Orange-banded scorpionfish
photo by Malaer, P.

Family:  Neosebastidae (Gurnard scorpionfishes)
Max. size:  19 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 8 - 25 m
Distribution:  Northwest Pacific: endemic to East Asian continental shelf.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 8-8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-8; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 5-5; Vertebrae: 26-26. Diagnosis: The underside of mandible has numerous tiny pores, no ridges. Preocular spine usually divided into 2 points, and flattened anteriorly and posteriorly. There are no additional spines between lacrimal and suborbital ridges. Upper opercular spine usually simple, tip pointed. Midinterorbital space moderately deep, not covered with scales. Interorbital ridge indistinct. Pored lateral-line scales 32-36 (mode 32). Longitudinal scale rows 47-56 (49). Scale rows between last dorsal-fin spine origin and lateral line 4\.2-5\.2 (5). Pectoral-fin rays 19-21 (20). Posterior margin of maxilla not reaching a vertical at posterior margin of pupil. Pectoral fin long (2.7-3.1, mean 2.8 in SL), reaching or extending beyond a vertical at origin of last dorsal-fin spine. Interorbital width wide (5.4-7.9, 6.7 in HL). Membrane anterior to sixth dorsal-fin spine extending up to 51-63% (57%) of the spine length. First anal-fin spine 1.2-1.5 (1.3) in third spine. Second pelvic-fin soft ray 1.5-1.8 (1.7) in HL. Bilobed portion of swim bladder more than half of total swim bladder length. Color of head and body blackish in preserved specimens; body, head, and pelvic and anal fins orange when fresh; no distinct small black spots on head or lateral line (Ref. 54394).
Biology:  Inhabits rocky reefs with sandy substrata. Depth extension 25-30 for underwater photographs taken off Izu Peninsula and a single specimen reported to be collected from Okinawa Trough at 205 meters (Ref. 54394). Anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland (Ref. 57406).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 04.07.94
Modified by: OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen - 03.11.06

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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