Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)
Sammara squirrelfish
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes), subfamily: Holocentrinae
Max. size:  32 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 0 - 46 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, the Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 4-4; Anal soft rays: 7-8. Pinkish silvery above, silvery below; a dark red to black spot on each scale. Reddish stripe along LL (Ref. 4201). Outer margin of caudal lobes and anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins reddish; pectoral fins pale pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201). Description: Characterized by spiny dorsal fin with large black spot anteriorly, white spine tips and triangular white marks along base; body depth 3.0-3.6 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Venomous spine at the corner of its preopercle. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9948). Solitary (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 March 2015 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 30.01.92
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 25.02.13
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 22.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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