Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, 1987
Munk's devil ray
Mobula munkiana
photo by Wirtz, P.

Family:  Mobulidae (Devilrays)
Max. size:  220 cm WD (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-oceanic; marine; depth range 0 - 15 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Eastern Pacific: From Gulf of California to Peru, incl. the Galapagos Is. (Ref. 130539).
Biology:  Pelagic species forming schools in coastal and oceanic waters, but also found near the bottom. Found singly, in small groups, or in schools (Ref. 12951). Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans, but also takes small schooling fishes (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Gestation period unknown (Ref. 114953).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 09 November 2018 (A2d+3d) Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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