Lampetra hubbsi (Vladykov & Kott, 1976)
Kern brook lamprey
Lampetra hubbsi
photo by FAO

Family:  Petromyzontidae (Northern lampreys), subfamily: Lampetrinae
Max. size:  14.2 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal, non-migratory
Distribution:  North America: East side of San Joaquin Valley in lower Merced, Kaweah, Kings, and San Joaquin rivers in California, USA.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0. Characterized by having expanded oral disc narrower than head, usually 52-56 trunk myomeres, 2 supraoral teeth, usually 1-1-1-1 lateral circumoral teeth, 9-12 unicuspid posterior circumoral teeth, 5 infraoral teeth and coloration consisting of gray to brown above, white below, black specks on dorsal and caudal fins, and no black on lateral-line pores (Ref. 86798). Adults: 8.1-14.2 cm TL; body proportions (percentage of TL based on 127 specimens 8.1-14.2 cm TL): 7.8-14.4 prebranchial length, 8.5-12.8 branchial length, 44.6-56.9 trunk length, 24.3-30.8 tail length, 0.8-2.8 eye length and 3.7-8.7 disc length, 8.3-16.7 urogenital papilla length (percentage of branchial length in 9 spawning males 10.6-12.4 cm TL); trunk myomeres, 50-57. Adult dentition: supraoral lamina, 2 unicuspid teeth, rarely 3; infraoral lamina, 4-unicuspid teeth, usually 5; 4 endolaterals on each side, rarely 3; endolateral formula, typically 1-1-1-1, the first endolateral may also be bicuspid, the second and third endolaterals bi- or tricuspid, and the fourth bicuspid, however, no endolateral formula of 2-3-3-2 was encountered in 40 individuals examined; 2 row of anterials, 3-9 unicuspid teeth in total, three of these in the first row; exolaterals absent; 1 row of posterials, 8-12 unicuspid teeth in a continuous (complete) row or discontinuous (incomplete) row of only six unicuspid teeth; transverse lingual lamina, cusps too poorly developed to count, however, the median one not enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae, cusps too poorly developed to count. Velar tentacles in adults, 3-5, with tubercles; median velar tentacle shorter than the lateral ones immediately next to it; no velar wings; body coloration (preserved), gray-brown on dorsal and lateral aspects, whitish on ventral aspect; extent of caudal fin pigmentation, 1% to <25%; caudal fin shape, rounded (Ref. 89241).
Biology:  Inhabits silty backwaters of rivers and spawns in gravel riffles (Ref. 86798). Both the larval and adult stages were originally collected from the Friant-Kern Canal, which is 85% concrete lined and has a discharge greater than 57 m3/sec; an artificial habitat. Occurs in the Merced River, which should be considered typical habitat. Adults nonparasitic (Ref. 89241).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 21 February 2012 (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)) Ref. (119314)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 09.09.16
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 20.04.94

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