Hyporthodus haifensis (Ben-Tuvia, 1953)
Haifa grouper
photo by Azzurro, E.

Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
Max. size:  125 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 25 kg
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range 90 - 220 m
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean to southern Angola.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 9-9. Distinguished by the following characteristics: dark brown head and body color; soft dorsal, caudal and anal fins blackish distally, basal part lighter; white edge on caudal and pectoral fins; blackish pelvic fins; black streak on cheek at the upper edge of maxilla; depth of body contained 2.4-2.8 times in SL; head length 2.2-2.4 times in SL; convex interorbital area; subangular preopercle, with enlarged serrae at the angle, lower edge with 1-6 small serrae; posterior nostrils 2-3 times larger than anterior nostrils; maxilla naked, not reaching posterior to eye; 2 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw, inner teeth distinctly larger than outer teeth (Ref. 89707).
Biology:  Deep-water species. Occurs on mud, sand, or rocky bottoms (Ref. 89707).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 17 November 2016 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 06.04.94
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 25.04.18
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 08.04.94

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