Hiodon alosoides (Rafinesque, 1819)
Hiodon alosoides
photo by McPhail, J.D.

Family:  Hiodontidae (Mooneyes)
Max. size:  52 cm FL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,720.0 g; max. reported age: 14 years
Environment:  pelagic, potamodromous
Distribution:  North America: western Ontario to the Mackenzie River as far down as Aklavik. In the east, it extends southwest below the Great Lakes, through the Ohio and Mississippi River drainages. In the, west it occurs southeast from western Alberta, through eastern Montana and Wyoming, to Oklahoma.
Biology:  Occurs in deep, open pools and channels of turbid, lowland rivers; small lakes and impoundments (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on surface and aquatic insects, crustaceans, mollusks, small fishes, frogs, shrew, and mice (Ref. 10294). Migrates upstream in the spring to spawn and feed. Moves downstream in the fall. Mainly nocturnal. Preyed upon by birds, some mammals, and other fishes. Marketed smoked.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 14 February 2012 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 18.07.13
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 26.09.96

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