Halicampus spinirostris (Dawson & Allen, 1981)
Spinysnout pipefish
photo by Henke, M.

Family:  Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses), subfamily: Syngnathinae
Max. size:  12 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 4 - 26 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia and Queensland (Australia), and Tutuila Island, American Samoa, Marshall Islands,
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-20; Anal soft rays: 3-3. Brown with about 4 broad black bands on trunk, each separated by a thin white bar (Ref. 48635). Description: Characterized by rings 14 + 33 - 35; 10 caudal rays; discontinuous superior trunk and tail ridges; inferior trunk ridge ends at anal ring; confluent lateral trunk ridge with inferior tail ridge; discontinuous median dorsal snout ridge with 2-3 semi-isolated spines or crests; head and body with short filaments; length of snout 3.1-3.8 in head length; depth of snout 1.7-2.1 in snout length; head length 10.0-11.3 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Adults inhabit rock or coral habitats. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Males may be brooding at about 10 cm SL. Also seen in sheltered water, often on rubble bottoms in 2-12 m (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 August 2016 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 05.02.98
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 17.04.15

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