Epinephelus erythrurus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Cloudy grouper
Epinephelus erythrurus
photo by Steene, R.

Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
Max. size:  45 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan, India including Laccadive (Lakshadweep) Islands, Sri Lanka, and through the larger islands of the East Indies and the Gulf of Thailand.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Description: Characterized by dark grey color with irregular pale spots and blotches randomly joined to forming a maze-like pattern; body scales ctenoid except cycloid anterodorsally above lateral line and on thorax and abdomen; body with numerous auxiliary scales; greatest depth of body 2.7-3.2 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, 2.2-2.5 in head length (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabits areas with muddy or silty-sand bottoms. Commonly trawled (Ref. 48635). Nothing has been published on its biology. A 16.3 cm SL fish was found to have ripe ova. Solitary, also found in turbid harbours and estuaries (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 22 November 2016 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 12.02.93
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 08.03.13
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 29.03.94

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