Enteromius lauzannei (Lévêque & Paugy, 1982)
Enteromius lauzannei
photo by Palmer, R.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  10.8 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic,
Distribution:  Africa: known from the upper reaches of the Loffa River in Guinea (Ref. 2801, 2940, 81282). Also reported from the Saint Paul basin (Ref. 13331, 43268) in Liberia (Ref. 43268).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-11; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on hind margin; scale formula 4.5-5.5/27-29/4.5; 3 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; two long and unequal pairs of barbels; anterior barbel not extending beyond centre of eye/reaching to, or extending beyond, posterior half of eye; posterior barbel extending beyond hind margin of eye; lateral line complete and greatly depressed below dorsal fin; maximum reported size 85 mm SL; spots on sides irregular, representing dark band with strangulations at certain points (Ref. 2940, 81282). Description: dorsal profile slightly convex; mouth subterminal; lateral line complete, distinctly depressed below dorsal fin and rejoining mid-lateral line slightly behind vertical line from anal fin; gill rakers rudimentary; D: III,8; A: III,5; P: I,13-14; V: I,7 (Ref. 2940, 81282). Coloration: back chocolate-brown to blackish; lateral-line scales as well as scales above lateral line dark-edged; presence of pores duplicates pigmentation of lateral-line scales, simulating 2 parallel series of dots; scale son back almost uniformly brownish-black; lateral midline marked with series of elongate black spots, sometimes confluent and highly variable in size and shape; always spot at end of caudal peduncle (Ref. 2940, 81282). Belly white (Ref. 2940).
Biology:  Maximum SL was recorded at 8.5 cm (Ref. 2801).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 07 December 2006 (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Cruz, Tess - 24.03.92
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 30.04.13
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 24.06.94

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