Enteromius collarti (Poll, 1945)
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Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  3.5 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  Africa: Lower Guinea endemic, known from the Chiloango, Kouilou-Niari and Ogowe River basins (Ref. 81639). Reported as Barbus cf. collarti from the lower Congo River (Ref. 94750); needs confirmation.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-12; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Diagnosis: mouth subterminal; barbels absent; lateral line incomplete; 22-23 scales in lateral line; 9 circumpeduncular scales; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertions; gill rakers present along lower limb of first gill arch; 5 round spots on the sides, first above opercle, 3 on sides and 1 on caudal peduncle (Ref. 81639). Description: small-sized; scales with radial striae; 3.5 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin origin; 4.5 scales between lateral line and mid-belly; 22-23 scales in lateral line and lateral line reduced to 3-4 anterior scales; D:III,9; A:III,5; dorsal fin border almost straight, last simple ray soft, measuring 0.8x HL (Ref. 81639). Coloration: ground color yellowish brown dorsally, yellowish ventrally; dark kidney-shaped design on head; vague black spot above opercle followed by 4 well marked round black spots; fins colourless; base of anterior and posterior rays of dorsal fin darkened as are anterior rays of anal fin (Ref. 81639).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 16 February 2009 (D2) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 22.06.94

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