Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes, 1842)
Mesopotamian barb
Capoeta damascina
photo by Darom, D.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic
Distribution:  Eurasia: Jordan River drainage basin, the entire Levant, Mesopotamia and parts of southern Turkey.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 4-4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-8
Biology:  Occurs in lakes, streams with fast and slow-moving water currents and in clear and muddy water. Bottom fish that feeds on aufwuchs which it scrapes from the substrate with the horny sheet of the lower lip. Its diet consists of algae, aquatic invertebrates, and detritus (Ref. 13609). It spawns between January and March in small streams where it deposits its eggs on gravel. Tasteless fish, and the spawn is toxic (Andrey Marlin, pers. comm., 2003).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 03 February 2013 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 21.03.97
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 23.03.16
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 20.11.97

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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