Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758)
White-spotted puffer
Arothron hispidus
photo by Kochzius, M.

Family:  Tetraodontidae (Puffers), subfamily: Tetraodontinae
Max. size:  50 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 2,010.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 1 - 50 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific : Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4919) to Panama, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Eastern Pacific: Baja California and the Gulf of California to Panama (Ref. 9349, 11482).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 10-11. This species is characterized by the following: The body is generally greenish-brown in color, the back, sides and caudal fin profusely speckled with white spots, and the belly marked with white bars. A single bent lateral line. Body with small spines except around snout and caudal peduncle. Each nostril with two fleshy solid tentacles. Restricted gill opening. Description: Characterized further by having short and obtuse snout, 2.0-2.3 in head length; bony interorbital width 2.6-3.1 in head length; rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Inhabit outer reef slopes to depths of at least 50 m, inner reef flats and lagoons. Juveniles common in weedy areas of estuaries (Ref. 4919). Also found in coastal bays and estuaries, usually near rocky reef or on sand-stretches between reefs with low algae-rubble reef to about 20 meters depth, or in shallow with sparse seagrass growth (Ref. 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Usually solitary and territorial on sandy to rubble areas. Feed on fleshy, calcareous, or coralline algae, detritus, mollusks, tunicates, sponges, corals, zoanthid anemones, crabs, tube worms and echinoderms (Ref. 1602).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 10 June 2011 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  poisonous to eat
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 27.04.92
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 15.07.13
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 20.07.95

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