Ecology of Limanda limanda
 
Main Ref. Palomares, M.L.D. and D. Pauly, 1989
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Limanda limanda may be found.
Remarks Also feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 12224).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Palomares, M.L.D. and D. Pauly, 1989
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Palomares, M.L.D. and D. Pauly, 1989
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.29 0.38
Ref. Gibson, R.N. and I.A. Ezzi, 1987
From individual food items 3.39 0.64 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 08.28.92
Modified by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.01.04
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 07.09.01
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