Ecology of Variola albimarginata
 
Main Ref. Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Variola albimarginata may be found.
Remarks A generally uncommon species that inhabits seaward reefs. Found in small groups. Feeds on fishes.

Substrate

Substrate Benthic; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin, 2004
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Broad, G., 2003

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 4.50 0.80 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.17.00
Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen on 11.20.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 06.04.01
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