Ecology of Bathytoshia brevicaudata
 
Main Ref. Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Bathytoshia brevicaudata may be found.
Remarks Occurs offshore, on the outer shelf and uppermost slope; sometimes close inshore (Ref. 5578). Found on sandy bottoms, in bays, harbors, and near rocky reefs(Ref. 12951). Often in aggregations. Feeds on fishes, bivalves, squid, and crustaceans.

Substrate

Substrate Benthic; Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Michael, S.W., 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Michael, S.W., 1993
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.87 0.51 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.17.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.04.08
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