Ecology of Cyclichthys orbicularis
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Cyclichthys orbicularis may be found.
Remarks Usually over sand and mud bottoms to at least 170 m (Ref. 30573). Occasionally on reefs (Ref. 9680). A nocturnal species (Ref. 9710) that presumably feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates (Ref. 2334).

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rubble;
Substrate Ref. Broad, G., 2003
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Leis, J.M., 2001
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Leis, J.M., 2001
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.63 0.59 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.10.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 10.18.07
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