Ecology of Raja miraletus
 
Main Ref. Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale, 1989
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Raja miraletus may be found.
Remarks Found over soft bottoms of the shelf and the uppermost slope (Ref. 5578). Depth range from 17-300 m, and up to depth of 462 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on fish, squids, benthic organisms, all kinds of benthic animals and fish offal (Ref. 5578).

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale, 1989
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Macpherson, E., 1989
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.69 0.58 Troph of adults and juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref.
From individual food items 3.80 0.74 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 09.21.99
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.28.07
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