Ecology of Neoniphon sammara
 
Main Ref. Myers, R.F., 1991
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Neoniphon sammara may be found.
Remarks Less secretive than most other species of squirrelfish. During the day, it hovers in small groups in the vicinity of branching corals, rocks, or ledges to feed primarily on isopods; at night it feeds on benthic crustaceans. This schooling species inhabits seagrass beds and hard-bottomed habitats from the reef flat to depths of 46 m or more on lagoon and seaward reefs. Often found with branching Acropora coral (Ref. 9710). Most common Neophion found in shallow areas (Ref. 9710). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 30573), small crabs, and shrimps at night. Also Ref. 58534.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin, 2004
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Gell, F.R. and M.W. Whittington, 2002

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose, 1984
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose, 1984
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.62 0.19 3.49 0.48 Troph of juv./adults from 5 studies.
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1985
From individual food items 3.37 0.53 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily on 05.25.92
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.24.08
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